Case Studies in Earth & Environmental Science Journalism

Ozone Layer Depletion and the Montreal Protocol

Guest Scientist: Drew Shindell, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences

Questions to Ponder and Discuss


Background information:

·“Ozone Depletion” – Wikipedia

· “Ozone Science” – USEPA website, answers questions like ozone-depleting substances, current state of the ozone layer, health and environmental effects of ozone layer depletion, dispelling myths

· Nasa Ozone Hole watch – Daily updates and maps

Scientific & Technical Information (ozone).

Crutzen, Paul. 1970. “Influence of Nitrogen Oxides on Atmospheric Ozone Content.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. 96(408):320.

Molina, M.J. & F.S. Rowland. 1974. “Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: chlorine atomc-atalysed destruction of ozone.” Nature 249: 810-812.

Farman, J.C., Gardiner, B.G., and J.D. Shanklin. 1985. “Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction.” Nature 315: 207-210.

Popular Articles (ozone).

Clyne, M.A.A. 1974. “Destruction of atmospheric ozone?” Nature 249: 796-797.

“Death to Ozone.” Time Magainze. October 7, 1974.

“Why aerosols are under attack.” Business Week. February 17, 1975

“Aerosol makers brace for ozone ordeal.” Chemical Week. June 11, 1975.

“Fftt Comes Back.” Time Magazine. September 22, 1975.

“Saving the Ozone.” Newsweek. September 27, 1976.

“Government ban on fluorocarbon gases in aerosol products begins October 15 (1978)” EPA Press Release. October 15, 1978.

“Bad data make the EPA duck.” Business Week. March 13, 1978.

Sullivan, Walter. “Low Ozone Level Found Above Antarctica.” The New York Times. November 7, 1985.

“The ozone layer; Cold comfort.” The Economist. July 13, 1985.

Tucker, Anthony. “Futures: The hole in the heavens/Thickness of the ozone layer.” The Guardian (London). July 25, 1986.

Peterson, Cass. “US Tax on Chlorofluorocarbons Sought to Help Save Ozone Layer; Institute Recommends Global Controls, Reduction of Emissions.” The Washington Post. November 30, 1986.

Cowen, Robert. “Geneva meeting on ozone focuses efforts to set world standards.” Christian Science Monitor. December 5, 1986.

Peterson, Cass. “Administration ozone policy may favor sunglasses, hats; Support for chemical cutbacks reconsidered.” The Washington Post. May 29, 1987.

Ardill, John. “Aerosol carbon blamed for hole in ozone layer.” The Guardian (London). August 7, 1987.

Peterson, Cass. “McDonald’s Repackaging Sandwiches to Guard Ozone; Chain Announces Environmental Gesture.” The Washington Post. August 6, 1987.

Peak, S. “Packaging not a health risk, says burger boss.” Herald. August 14, 1987.

Technical Articles (Monreal Protocol).

“Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer” 1987. as adjusted and/or amended in London 1990, Copenhagen 1992, Vienna 1995, Montreal 1997, Beijing 1999. (SUMMARY)

Popular Articles (Monreal Protocol).

Maddox, John. 1987. “The great ozone controversy.” Nature 329: 101.

Keating, Micheal. “Ratification of ozone pact thought likely to take a year.” The Globe and Mail (Canada). September 17, 1987.

Weisskopf, Michael. “45 Nations Near Treaty on Ozone; Chemical Production Would be Curbed to Protect Atmosphere.” The Washington Post. September 16, 1987.

Shabecoff, Philip. “Dozens of Nations Reach Agreement To Protect Ozone.” The New York Times. September 17, 1987.

Shabecoff, Philip. “Washington Talk: State Department; The Environment as a Diplomatic Issue.” The New York Times. December 25, 1987.

Gleick, James. “Sharp Ozone Drop Found Worldwide in 8-Year Period.” The New York Times. January 1, 1988.

Peak, S. “New Warning on Our Thinning Ozone.” Herald (Australia). January 1, 1988.

Nelson-Horchler, Joani. “Ozone’s price tag: CFC substitutes will be expensive.” Industry Week. February 15, 1988.

Gleick, James. “Treaty Powerless to Stem a Growing Loss of Ozone.” The new York Times. March 20, 1988.

Erlichman, James. “Du Pont opens way to death of ozone eater.” The Guardian (London). March 26, 1988.

“Chlorofluorocarbons; On the way out, with luck.” The Economist. May 21, 1988.

Cowen, Robert. “Turning the Heat Off.” Christian Science Monitor. June 30, 1988.

Greaves, William. “The man who saw the hole; Joe Farman; Ozone layer; Spectrum.” The Times (London). August 1, 1988.

Landrey, Wilburg G. “The changing climate is creating the world crisis.” St. Petersburg Times (Florida). August 14, 1988.

Garelik, Glen. “Environment A Breath of Fresh Air.” Time Magazine. September 28, 1987

Melkert, Ad. “Twenty year later, the Montreal Protocol is still making its mark; The pact was a ground-breaking deal that set the stage for Kyoto.” The Gazette (Montreal). September 16, 2007.

Mulroney, Brian. “Twenty Years Later, Learning from Success.” National Post (f/k/a The Financial Post) (Canada). September 17, 2007.

Revkin, Andrew C. “From Ozone Success, a Potential Climate Model.” The New York Times. September 18, 2007.

Lieberman, Ben. “Ozone: the hole truth.” The Washington Times. September 19, 2007.


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