Case Studies in Earth & Environmental Science Journalism

Drilling for Oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Guest Scientist: Roger N. Anderson.


Questions to Ponder and Discuss



Background information:

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Arctic National Wildlife Refuge,

Webpages and factsheets from website, sponsored by Arctic Power.

Webpages and factsheets from, sponsored by Defenders of Wildlife.

Webpages from the Caribou Commons Project, supporters of the Gwich'in People, the anti-drillig native AMerican group.


Scientific Papers:

"Executive Summary" portion of U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Preliminary Review of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, August 29, 1995.

Corn, M. Lynne, et. al. Congressional Research Service Issue Brief for Congress: The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 1002 Area, Petroleum Assessment, 1998. USGS Fact Sheet FS-040-98, May 1998.

Information on world oil market and oil price chronologies from the Energy Information Administration and American Petroleum Institute.

Applegate, David. "Anticipating the Issue Cycle: oil estimates and ANWR." Geotimes, July 1998, p. 15+.

Tussing, Arlon, and Haley, Sharman. "Drainage pierces ANWR in Alaska study scenario." Oil & Gas Journal, July 5, 1999, p. 71-85.


Popular Articles - Long Format:

Doherty, Jim. "The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The best of the last wild places." Smithsonian, March 1996, p. 32-40.

Watkins, Tom H. "True North." Audubon, July-August, 1996. p. 56-65.

Mitchell, John G. "Oil on Ice." National Geographic, April 1997, p. 110-131.

Popular Articles - Daily Journalism:

Knickerbocker, B. Fight over oil drilling in Alaska flares up. Christian Science Monitor, Feb. 23, 1995, 1.

Kenworthy, T. Refuge may be approved for drilling. Washington Post, May 23, 1995.

Kenworthy, T. Study condemns arctic oil drilling. Washington Post, Aug. 27, 1995, A4.

Crow, P. ANWR leasing issue destined to heat up again in congress. Oil & Gas Journal, Aug. 28, 1995, 33.

Devroy, A. and Morgan, D. Veto threatened over arctic drilling. Washington Post, Sept. 22, 1995.

Gottschalk, A. Who is breaking the pact? Journal of Commerce, Oct. 17, 1995, 1A.

Yang, J.E. Petroleum industry assists backers of Alaska drilling. Washington Post, Oct. 25, 1995, A4.

Showdown near for ANWR leasing issue. Oil & Gas Journal, Nov. 6, 1995, 31.

Egan, T. Alaska legislators oil vow gets different play at home. New York times, Nov. 11, 1995, 1.

Rosen, Y. Caribou culture clashes with oil age. Christian Science Monitor, Nov. 24, 1995.

Woodyard, C. Three native American groups sue Babbitt in favor of drilling in arctic. Journal of Commerce, Dec. 14, 1995.

Murphy, K. Alaska's delicate arctic awaits new push for crude. Los Angeles Times, July 10, 1997, A1.

Warrick, J. Higher oil estimate may boost pressure to tap Alaska refuge. Washington Post, May 16, 1998, A2.

USGS boosts ANWR resources estimates. Oil & Gas Journal, May 25, 1998, 22.

Suzman, M. Oil companies seek to broaden their horizons in Alaska. Financial Times, Aug. 3, 1998.

Murphy, K. Clinton to ok more oil drilling in Alaska wilds. Los Angeles Times, Aug. 7, 1998, A1.

North slope's exploration revival. Excerpt. Oil & Gas Journal, Aug. 31, 1998.

Verhovek, Sam Howe. “Oil Boom Nears for Alaska, Even if Refuge Isn’t Drilled.” New York Times, May 30, 2001, A1.

Miller, Debbie S. “Ground Zero: Big Oil Offered A Village of Inupiat Eskimos Jobs and an Economic Boom. All it Asked for in Return was Their Way of Life.” The Amicus Journal. Summer 2001, 29-34.

Whitworth, Damian. “Bush wins first round to drill in arctic refuge.” New York Times, August 3, 2001.

Greenhouse, Steven. “Study Faults Unions’ Math On New Jobs For Drilling.” New York Times, Sept. 2, 2001.

Carlton, Jim. “Oil-Pipe Vandalism Highlights Concern About Line Security.” The Wall Street Journal, Oct. 8, 2001.

Schlesinger, Robert. “Citing Oil Need, Bush Pushes Energy Bill Senate Seeks Block on Arctic Drilling.” Boston Globe, Oct. 12, 2001, A6.

Grunwald, Michael. “Departmental Differences Show Over ANWR Drilling.” The Washington Post, Friday Oct. 19, 2001, A3.

Press Release for Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility. “Interior Secretary Blasted for Misleading Congress: Group Calls for Senate Investigation.” Oct, 25, 2001.

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility. “Comparison of Documents Norton: FWS-WDC.” May 15, 2001.

Anon. “Senate defeats Arctic drilling—for now”. UPI News. Dec. 3, 2001.

Ruskin, Liz. “Senate vote sinks ANWR drilling.” Anchorage Daily News, Dec. 4, 2001.

Grunwald, Michael. “Drilling Won’t Violate Polar Bear Pact Stance Contradicts Wildlife Agency’s Drafts.” Washington Post, Jan. 18, 2002, A23.

Daley, Beth. “A New Fight Seen Over Arctic Drilling.” Boston Globe. Feb. 5, 2002, A16.



Rauber, Paul. "Golly, Wally!" Sierra, May/June 1992, p. 38-42.

Anonymous. "ANWR leasing issue revives." Oil & Gas Journal, July 31, 1995, p. 21.

Babbitt, Bruce. "A Senseless Scheme Aims at a Priceless Treasure." Los Angeles Times, August 21, 1995.

Crow, Patrick. "Sideshows on ANWR." Oil & Gas Journal, Sept. 25, 1995, p. 39.

Anonymous. "If Not For You." Sierra, Sept./Oct. 1995, p.58-61 il.

Crow, Patrick. "More on ANWR; Bush speaks up." Oil & Gas Journal, Oct. 23, 1995, p. 44.

Anonymous. "ANWR hypocrisies." Oil & Gas Journal, Nov. 6, 1995, p. 13.

Anonymous. "Alaskans Caught In The Act." St. Louis Post Dispatch, Nov. 18, 1995, p. 14B.

Sims, Grant. "High Arctic Plain Talk." Audubon, Nov./Dec. 1995, p. 120.

Selected Pages from

Carter, Jimmy. "Save Alaska-Again." The NewYork Times, December 29, 2000, page 21, 1st column.

Dinero, Steven C. "The real cost of drilling." Christian Science Monitor, Oct. 8, 1999, p. 11.


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