Grand Comore Island: A well-constrained "low He-3/He-4" mantle plume

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2005
Authors  Class, C.; Goldstein, S. L.; Stute, M.; Kurz, M. D.; Schlosser, P.
Journal Title  Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume  233
Issue  3-4
Pages  391-409
Journal Date  May 15
ISBN Number  0012-821X
Accession Number  ISI:000229522800011
Key Words  mantle geochemistry; noble gas; helium isotopes; mantle plumes; grande comore island; subcontinental lithospheric mantle; nd isotope constraints; rare-gas systematics; east pacific rise; re-os isotope; oceanic basalts; noble-gases; ultramafic xenoliths; p
Abstract  

We report He isotope (He-3/He-4) variations in samples from alkali basaltic and basanitic lava flows from Grande Comore Island complemented by existing[1,2] [C. Class, S.L. Goldstein, Plume-lithosphere interactions in the ocean basins: constraints from the source mineralogy. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 150 (1997) 245-260, C. Class, S.L. Goldstein, R. Altherr, P. Bachechlery, The process of plume-lithosphere interaction in the ocean basins-the case of Grande Comore. J. Petrel., 39 (5) (1998) 881903] and new Sr-Nd-Pb isotope ratios and major and trace element abundances. He isotope data in samples from Tristan da Cunha and Gough islands and the Huri Hills in Kenya are reported also. Grande Comore He-3/He-4 ratios vary between 5.05 and 7.08 R-A (He-4/He-3 approximate to 141,000-101,000). Chemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic variations of Grande Comore lavas were previously shown to reflect melts derived from the deep mantle plume and the shallow lithospheric mantle[1-3] [C. Class, S.L. Goldstein, Plume-lithosphere interactions in the ocean basins: constraints from the source mineralogy. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 150 (1997) 245-260, C. Class, S.L. Goldstein, R. Altherr, P. Bachechlery, The process of plume-lithosphere interaction in the ocean basins-the case of Grande Comore. J. Petrol., 39 (5) (1998) 881-903, C. Claude-Ivanaj, B. Bourdon, C.J. Allegre, Ra-Th-Sr isotope systematics in Grande Comore Island: a case study of plume-lithosphere interaction. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 164 (1998) 99-117]. The lithosphere-dominated end-member (La Grille volcano) shows uniform He-3/He-4 ratios within error of 6.75-7.08 R-A (He-4/He-3 approximate to 106,000-101,000) over a range of [He]=36-428 x 10(-9) ccSTP/g. The plume end-member (of the Karthala volcano suite), as constrained by Sr, Nd, Pb isotope ratios, shows uniformly lower He-3/He-4 ratios with 5.05-5.41 R-A (He-4/He-3 approximate to 141,000-132,000) over a range of [He]= 11-136 x 10(-9) ccSTP/g. All samples show good correlations between Sr-Nd-He isotope ratios, indicating that the Grande Comore He-3/He-4 ratios are not significantly influenced by crustal contamination and reflect recent mixing between plume- and lithosphere-derived melts. The lithosphere beneath Grande Comore has retained its MORB-like helium isotopic composition, which suggests that the previously identified amphibole-forming metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle [1] [C. Class, S.L. Goldstein, Plume-lithosphere interactions in the ocean basins: constraints from the source mineralogy. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 150 (1997) 245-260] occurred prior to the arrival of the Comoro plume. The well-constrained He-3/He-4 = 5.2 +/- 0.2 R-A (He-4/He-3 approximate to 137,000 +/- 5000) of the Comoro plume confirms the existence of "low He-3/He-4" mantle plumes. A global compilation of OIB shows that OIB from "low He-3/He-4" plumes form one "side" of the roughly triangular distribution of the global OIB data set in Nd-143/Nd-144 versus Pb-206/Pb-204 and Pb-208/Pb-204, encompassing the lowest Nd to the highest Pb isotope ratios. It is also shown that "low He-3/He-4" plumes are more enriched in Th and U relative to other plumes. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.

Notes  

931ZATimes Cited:2Cited References Count:77

URL  <Go to ISI>://000229522800011
DOI  DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.02.029