Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2004
Authors  Walker, D.; Verma, P. K.; Cranswick, L. M. D.; Jones, R. L.; Clark, S. M.; Buhre, S.
Journal Title  American Mineralogist
Volume  89
Issue  1
Pages  204-210
Journal Date  Jan
ISBN Number  0003-004X
Accession Number  ISI:000188115000024
Key Words  alkali-halides; high-pressures; state; decomposition; equations; volume; nacl; kcl
Abstract  

Unit-cell volumes of four single-phase intermediate halite-sylvite solid solutions have been measured to pressures and temperatures of similar to28 kbar and similar to700 degreesC. Equation-of-state fitting of the data yields thermal expansion and compressibility as a function of composition across the chloride series. The variation of the product alpha(0)(.)K(0) is linear (ideal) in composition between the accepted values for halite and sylvite. Taken separately, the individual values of alpha(0) and K-0 are not linear in composition. alpha(0) shows a maximum near the consolute composition (X-NaCl = 0.64) that exceeds the value for either end-member. There is a corresponding minimum in K-0. The fact that the alpha(0)(.)K(0) product is variable (and incidentally so well behaved as to be linear across the composition series) reinforces the significance of the complementary maxima and minima in alpha(0) and K-0 (significantly, near the consolute composition). These extrema in alpha(0) and K-0 provide an example of intermediate properties that do not follow simply from values for the end-members.Cell volumes across this series show small, well-behaved positive excesses, consistent with K-Na substitution causing defects through lattice mismatches. Barrett and Wallace (1954) showed maximum defect concentrations in the consolute region. Defect-riddled, weakened structures in the consolute region are more easily compressed or more easily thermally expanded, providing an explanation for our observed alpha(0) and K-0 variations. These compliant, loosened lattices should resist diffusive transfer less than non-defective crystals and, hence, might be expected to show higher diffusivities. Tracer diffusion rates are predicted to peak across the consolute region as exchange diffusion rates drop to zero.

Notes  

763RVTimes Cited:2Cited References Count:18

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