Heinrich events: Massive late pleistocene detritus layers of the North Atlantic and their global climate imprint

LDEO Publication: 
Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2004
Authors  Hemming, S. R.
Journal Title  Reviews of Geophysics
Volume  42
Issue  1
Pages  -
Journal Date  Mar 18
ISBN Number  8755-1209
Accession Number  ISI:000220441200003
LDEO Publication Number  6536
Key Words  climate; heinrich layers; heinrich events; ice-rafted detritus; last glacial maximum; deep-sea sediments; ice-rafted debris; dansgaard-oeschger cycles; millennial-scale changes; freeze-on mechanism; rich basal ice; labrador-sea; late quaternary; iceberg d

Millennial climate oscillations of the glacial interval are interrupted by extreme events, the so-called Heinrich events of the North Atlantic. Their near-global footprint is a testament to coherent interactions among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and cryosphere on millennial timescales. Heinrich detritus appears to have been derived from the region around Hudson Strait. It was deposited over approximately 500 +/- 250 years. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the origin of the layers: binge-purge cycle of the Laurentide ice sheet, jokulhlaup activity from a Hudson Bay lake, and an ice shelf buildup/collapse fed by Hudson Strait. To determine the origin of the Heinrich events, I recommend (1) further studies of the timing and duration of the events, (2) further sedimentology study near the Hudson Strait, and (3) greater spatial and temporal resolution studies of the layers as well as their precursory intervals. Studies of previous glacial intervals may also provide important constraints.


806NSTimes Cited:60Cited References Count:206

URL  <Go to ISI>://000220441200003
DOI  Doi 10.1029/2003rg000128