A New Relationship between Subsidence Rate and Zero-Age Depth

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  1994
Authors  Kane, K. A.; Hayes, D. E.
Journal Title  Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
Volume  99
Issue  B11
Pages  21759-21777
Journal Date  Nov 10
ISBN Number  0148-0227
Accession Number  ISI:A1994PR67500016
Key Words  regional variations; south-atlantic; ridge; topography; mantle; plates; models; earth; ocean

The relationship between subsidence rates and axial depths for zero-age crust has been documented along the mid-ocean ridge systems of three separate oceans. A systematic, linear relationship exists between these two parameters. Shallow zero-age depths are associated with high subsidence rates, and deep zero-age depths are associated with low subsidence rates. The linear subsidence rate versus zero-age depth trends have similar slopes for all three oceans, but their zero-age depth intercepts are offset by a few hundred meters. The scatter of individual subsidence rate and zero-age depth values about each linear trend varies from ocean to ocean and is related to the presence and extent of long-lived, large-scale segmentation of each mid-ocean ridge system. One-dimensional thermal conduction models typically used to quantify subsidence rates cannot account for the observed relationships. A qualitative model that was used previously to explain long-lived tectonic segmentation can also explain the subsidence rate versus zero-age depth relationships and associated variance by assuming the existence of average regional and local mantle temperature variations of approximate to 20 degrees C to approximate to 170 degrees C, respectively.


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URL  <Go to ISI>://A1994PR67500016