A numerical study of the circulation in the northwestern Weddell Sea

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2002
Authors  Matano, R. P.; Gordon, A. L.; Muench, R. D.; Palma, E. D.
Journal Title  Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume  49
Issue  21
Pages  4827-4841
ISBN Number  0967-0645
Accession Number  ISI:000178822700007
Key Words  bransfield strait; scotia confluence; bottom water; gyre; transport; deep; stratification; margin
Abstract  

An eddy-permitting simulation is used to study the circulation of the northwestern Weddell Sea and its interaction with the Scotia Sea. The analysis focuses on the circulation pathways, associated stratification, and volume transports. Comparison between model results and observations show reasonable agreements with respect to the modeled thermohaline stratification and circulation such as export of Weddell Sea Deep Water through the Weddell-Scotia Confluence region. Using the model results, we estimated the relative contributions of the two main routes of escape of the Weddell Sea deep waters into the Scotia Sea and the South Sandwich Trench. The main route for inter-basin exchange is found to be through the Scotia Sea (via the South Orkney Passage and the Bransfield Strait). Our simulation does not show advective transport of deep or bottom waters through the South Sandwich Trench, and Lagrangian analysis of float trajectories indicates that the fluxes in this region are more likely related to eddy-driven mixing than to mean flow advection. The model shows, in addition, some sub-basin scale features that have not been reported in the observations. The Weddell western boundary current is seen as a diffuse, filamentous feature. A south-flowing jet was present over the outer shelf off the Antarctic Peninsula. Retroflection and return southward flow is seen for from the South Sandwich Trench, and there was a small inflow of Scotia Sea waters into the Powell Basin. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Notes  

608AJTimes Cited:6Cited References Count:30

URL  <Go to ISI>://000178822700007
DOI  Pii S0967-0645(02)00161-3