Ocean modeling for ENSO

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  1998
Authors  Stockdale, T. N.; Busalacchi, A. J.; Harrison, D. E.; Seager, R.
Journal Title  Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans
Volume  103
Issue  C7
Pages  14325-14355
Journal Date  Jun 29
Accession Number  ISI:000074477900006
Key Words  tropical pacific-ocean; general-circulation model; sea-surface temperature; nino-southern-oscillation; national-meteorological-center; equatorial atlantic-ocean; primitive equation model; 1982-1983 el-nino; meridional heat-transport; shallow-water simulat
Abstract  

Tropical ocean modeling has played a major part in the development of our knowledge of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) during the Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA) decade. Although the foundations had already been laid, it was only with the impetus from TOGA that tropical ocean modeling was able to develop so extensively. In this paper we discuss the development of the wide range of tropical ocean models in use today,from the simple to the complex; the ways in which their abilities to reproduce different phenomena have been assessed; and the ways in which they are being used to better understand and predict the behavior of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system in the tropics. Ocean model development is far from finished, however. Outstanding issues such as forcing fields, model improvements, testing strategies, and applications are also discussed. There is at least as much work to be done in the next decade as was achieved in the last.

Notes  

Zx085Times Cited:33Cited References Count:294

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