Radiocarbon calibration beyond the dendrochronology range

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2000
Authors  Stein, M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Schramm, A.
Journal Title  Radiocarbon
Volume  42
Issue  3
Pages  415-422
ISBN Number  0033-8222
Accession Number  ISI:000166766600008
Key Words  total-sample dissolution; impure carbonates; dead-sea; geomagnetic intensity; ocean circulation; secular variation; younger dryas; th-230 ages; lake-lisan; record
Abstract  

The radiocarbon timescale has been calibrated by dendrochronology back to 11.8 ka cal BP, and extended to 14.8 ka cal BP using laminated marine sediments from the Cariaco Basin. Extension to nearly 23.5 ka cal BP is based on comparison between C-14 and U-Th ages of corals. Recently, attempts to further extend the calibration curve to >40 kyr are based on laminated sediments from Lake Suigetsu. Japan, foraminifera in North Atlantic sediments. South African cave deposits, tufa from Spain. and stalagmites from the Bahamas. Here we compare these records with a neu. comparison curve obtained by U-234-Th-230 ages of aragonite deposited at Lake Lisan (the last Glacial Dead Sea). This comparison reveals broad agreement For the time interval of 20-32 ka cal BP. hut the data diverge over other intervals. All records agree that Delta C-14 values range between similar to 250-450 parts per thousand at 20-32 ka cal BP. For ages >32 ka cal BP, the Lake Suigetsu data indicate low Delta C-14 values of less than 200 parts per thousand and small shifts. The other records broadly agree that Delta C-14 values range between similar to 250 and 600 parts per thousand at 32-39 ka cal BP. At similar to 42 ka cal BP. the North Atlantic calibration shows low Delta C-14 values, while the corals, Lisan aragonites, and the Spanish tufa indicate a large deviations of 700-900 parts per thousand. This age is slightly younger than recent estimates of the timing of the Laschamp Geomagnetic Event, and are consistent with increased C-14 production during this event.

Notes  

398QFTimes Cited:3Cited References Count:41

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