Spectral analysis of the lower Eocene Wilkins Peak Member, Green River Formation, Wyoming: Support for Milankovitch cyclicity

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2008
Authors  Machlus, M. L.; Olsen, P. E.; Christie-Blick, N.; Hemming, S. R.
Journal Title  Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume  268
Issue  1-2
Pages  64-75
Journal Date  Apr 15
ISBN Number  0012-821X
Accession Number  ISI:000255316700007
Key Words  spectral analysis; green river formation; wilkins peak member; eocene; orbital forcing; tuning; ar-40/ar-39 geochronology; time-scale; system; basin; stratigraphy; calibration; boundary; strata; USA
Abstract  

This study is the first to employ spectral analysis to examine meter-scale sedimentary cyclicity in the Wilkins Peak Member of the lower Eocene Green River Formation of Wyoming. Generally regarded as the classic example for orbital forcing of lacustrine sediments at eccentricity and precession time scales, this long-standing interpretation was recently contested, with a much shorter duration (<= 10 ky) inferred for the dominant cyclicity. Earlier work lacked adequate age control or spectral analysis or both. Our analysis is based upon an evaluation in the frequency domain of oil-yield values from four boreholes, accuracy estimation for suggested orbital interpretations, and comparison to independent geochronology. Cored intervals 266-364 in thick represent a span of 1.2-1.7 m.y., with temporal resolution of similar to 3-5 ky (similar to 1 m) for oil-yield values. Variations in spectral power with depth within the original records are interpreted to reflect changes in the rate of sediment accumulation. These changes are corrected prior to testing the orbital forcing hypothesis by using two methods: 1) a minimal adjustment (three segments) accounting for the dominant changes of spectral frequency with depth; and 2) correlating the published definitions of precessional cycles in these records to a 21 ky cosine curve. Orbital age models resulting from the two tuning methods are compared to available chronology and the tuned records are tested for the expected spectral peaks from orbitally forced records. We conclude that the dominant cyclicity of the Wilkins Peak Member is orbitally forced. Orbital age models overlap Ar-40/Ar-39 ages and inferred periods include long and short eccentricity, weak obliquity and precession. Eccentricity is resolved in the analyzed records but the expected similar to 95 and similar to 125 ky periods are not resolved, controlling the range of possible tuning periods and the accuracy of orbital age models. Sub-Milankovitch variability exists and can be resolved to a minimum period of similar to 3-5 ky by the analyzed records. However, it cannot be characterized fully with the available chronology or by the previously calculated mean cycle duration. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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URL  <Go to ISI>://000255316700007
DOI  DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.12.024