Tracer study of mixing and transport in the upper Hudson River with multiple dams

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2004
Authors  Caplow, T.; Schlosser, P.; Ho, D. T.
Journal Title  Journal of Environmental Engineering-Asce
Volume  130
Issue  12
Pages  1498-1506
Journal Date  Dec
ISBN Number  0733-9372
Accession Number  ISI:000225169800012
Key Words  longitudinal dispersion coefficient; hydraulic structures; release experiment; oxygen-transfer; gas transfer; streams; aeration
Abstract  

In October 2001, similar to0.2 mol of SF6 was injected into the upper Hudson River, a modified natural channel with multiple dams, at Ft. Edward, N.Y The tracer was monitored for 7 days as it moved similar to50 km downriver. The longitudinal evolution of the tracer distribution was used to estimate one-dimensional advection (9.0+/-0.2 km d(-1)) and dispersion (17.3+/-4.0 m(2) s(-1)) along the river axis. Comparison of these results to tracer studies on channels without dams suggests that dams reduce longitudinal dispersion below the value expected in a natural channel with the same discharge. SF6 loss through air-water gas exchange along the river and at two dams (10.7 m combined height) was estimated by observing decay in peak concentration. Losses at dams (approximately 50% per dam) were dominant. The estimated gas exchange at dams was compared to a simple model adapted from those available in literature. Small amounts of tracer were trapped in a canal segment (similar to5 km long) that parallels the river, where advection and dispersion were sharply reduced.

Notes  

871XLTimes Cited:3Cited References Count:28

URL  <Go to ISI>://000225169800012
DOI  Doi 10.1061/(Asce)0733-9372(2004)130:12(1498)