Cosmogenic nuclide chronology of pre-last glacial maximum moraines at Lago Buenos Aires, 46 degrees S, Argentina

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2005
Authors  Kaplan, M. R.; Douglass, D. C.; Singer, B. S.; Caffee, M. W.
Journal Title  Quaternary Research
Volume  63
Issue  3
Pages  301-315
Journal Date  May
ISBN Number  0033-5894
Accession Number  ISI:000228947300008
Key Words  exposure age; cosmogenic nuclide; south america; glacial geology; paleoclimatology; glaciation; southern hemisphere; milankovitch; quaternary period; stage 6; he-3 production-rates; in-situ; erosion rates; lava flows; be-10; al-26; antarctica; ages; patag

At Lago Buenos Aires, Argentina, Be-10, Al-26, and Ar-40/Ar-39 ages range from 190,000 to 109,000 yr for two moraines deposited prior to the last glaciation, 23,000-16,000 yr ago. Two approaches, maximum boulder ages assuming no erosion, and the average age of all boulders and an erosion rate of 1.4 mm/10(3) yr, both yield a common estimate age of 150,000-140,000 yr for the two moraines. The erosion rate estimate derives from Be-10 and Al-26 concentrations in old erratics, deposited on moraines that are > 760,000 yr old on the basis of interbedded Ar-40/Ar-39 dated lavas. The new cosmogenic ages indicate that a major glaciation during marine oxygen isotope stage 6 occurred in the mid-latitude Andes. The next five youngest moraines correspond to stage 2. There is no preserved record of a glacial advance during stage 4. The distribution of dated boulders and their ages suggest that at least one major glaciation occurred between 760,000 and > 200,000 yr ago. The mid-latitude Patagonian glacial record, which is well preserved because of low erosion rates, indicates that during the last two glacial cycles major glaciations in the southern Andes have been in phase with growth and decay of Northern Hemisphere ice sheets, especially at the 100,000 yr periodicity. Thus, glacial maxima are global in nature and are ultimately paced by small changes in Northern Hemisphere insolation.© 2005 University of Washington. All rights reserved.


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URL  <Go to ISI>://000228947300008
DOI  DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2004.12.003