The timing of major climate terminations

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  1997
Authors  Raymo, M. E.
Volume  12
Pages  577–585
Journal Date  AUG

A simple, untuned ''constant sedimentation rate'' timescale developed using three radiometric age constraints and eleven delta(18)O records longer than 0.8 Myr provides strong support for the validity of the SPECMAP timescale of the late Quaternary [Imbrie et al., 1984]. In particular, the present study independently confirms the link between major deglaciations (terminations) and increases in northern hemisphere summer radiation at high latitudes and shows that this correlation is not an artifact of orbital tuning. In addition, the excess ice characteristic of late Quaternary ''100-kyr'' climate cycles typically accumulates when July insolation at 65 degrees N has been unusually low for more than a full precessional cycle, or >21 kyr, and once established does not last beyond the next increase in summer insolation. Thus, the timing of the growth and decay of large 100-kyr ice sheets, as depicted in the deep sea delta(18)O record, is strongly (and semipredictably) influenced by eccentricity through its modulation of the orbital precession component of northern hemisphere summer insolation.