Annular modes and Hadley cell expansion under global warming

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2007
Authors  Previdi, M.; Liepert, B. G.
Journal Title  Geophysical Research Letters
Volume  34
Issue  22
Pages  -
Journal Date  Nov 17
ISBN Number  0094-8276
Accession Number  ISI:000251059900002
Key Words  static stability; troposphere; reanalysis; climate
Abstract  

Projections of 21st century climate from the latest state-of-the-art climate models consistently call for a poleward expansion of the tropical Hadley cell (HC) and subtropical dry zones (SDZ) in response to increasing levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases. We find that approximately half of the model-simulated HC and SDZ expansion during the next hundred years can be explained by positive trends in the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere annular modes (NAM and SAM), implying a close connection between changes in the tropical and extratropical atmospheric circulation. The link between NAM and SAM variability and the SDZ expansion suggests that future changes in the hydrologic cycle are likely to be strongly influenced by atmospheric dynamics.

Notes  

232ZJTimes Cited:0Cited References Count:13

URL  <Go to ISI>://000251059900002
DOI  Doi 10.1029/2007gl031243