Well Logging Principles & Applications

Marine Geophysics Seminar Spring 2008 - EESC Course G9947Y

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University

 
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Organizers: Alberto Malinverno, Dave Goldberg
  Summary: An interdisciplinary seminar for all earth scientists and engineers giving practical understanding of the principles and interpretation of geophysical well logs in research applications. We will meet once a week and focus on the fundamentals of well logging methods, including electrical, nuclear, and acoustic measurements. Discussions will involve journal readings on tool physics and their limitations, earth science and industrial field examples, interpretation techniques, and examples of applications (borehole image and fracture analysis, oceanic crust characterization, gas hydrate evaluation, cyclostratigraphy, and others).
  Format: 1 1/4 hour lectures
  Time: 10 AM every Friday starting Jan. 25
  Location: Geoscience Lounge
  Credit: 1 or 2 credits. Students who attend the lectures will get 1 credit. An additional credit will be given to those who read a key paper on the subject, present it to the class, and lead a discussion at the end of the seminar series.
  General readings (on reserve in Geoscience Library):

Guéguen, Y., and V. Palciauskas (1994), Introduction to the Physics of Rocks, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hearst, J. R., P. H. Nelson, and F. L. Paillett (2000), Well Logging for Physical Properties, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Jones, E. J. W. (1999), Marine Geophysics, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
  Sample well log data: This spreadsheet (data-Excel) contains data from a logging run of resistivity, natural gamma ray, density, neutron, and geochemical tools. The spreadsheet contains two pages: one has the data and the other explains the acronyms used. For more information see http://www.slb.com/modules/mnemonics/
 

Current schedule:

 
Date Title Lecturer
Jan. 25 Introduction to physical properties of rocks and sediments (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Guéguen and Palciauskas (1994) in general readings on reserve (see above)

Alberto Malinverno
Feb. 1 Introduction to downhole logging (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Hearst et al. (2000) in general readings on reserve (see above)

Chapter 11 of Jones (1999) in general readings on reserve (see above)

Goldberg, D. (1997), The role of downhole measurements in marine geology and geophysics, Rev. Geophys., 35, 315-342. (PDF)

Alberto Malinverno
Feb. 8 Introduction to scientific ocean drilling and IODP (slides part 1-PDF) (slides part 2-PDF)

Readings:

Brewer, T. et al. (2004), Scientific deep-ocean drilling: Revealing the Earth’s secrets, Oilfield Review, Winter 2004/2005, 24-37. (PDF)

Ocean Drilling Program Final Technical Report 1983-2007. (PDF)

Dave Goldberg/
Daniel Quoidbach
Feb.15 Logging while drilling (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Bonner, S., et al. (1996), Resistivity While Drilling - Images from the String, Oilfield Review, Spring 1996, 4-19. (PDF)

Adolph, B., et al. (2005), No More Waiting: Formation Evaluation While Drilling, Oilfield Review, Autumn 2005, 4-21. (PDF)

Stefan Mrozewski
Feb. 22 No seminar (snowstorm)
Feb. 29 Acoustic logging and seismic correlation (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Peterson, R. A. et al. (1955), The synthesis of seismograms from well log data, Geophysics, 20, 516-538. (PDF)

Wuenschel, P. C. (1960), Seismogram synthesis including multiples and transmission coefficients, Geophysics, 25, 106-129. (PDF)

Harrison, A. R. et al. (1990), Acquisition and analysis of sonic waveforms from a borehole monopole and dipole source for the determination of compressional and shear speeds and their relation to rock mechanical properties and surface seismic data, Paper SPE 20557, 65th Annual Tecnical Conference and Exhibition, Society of Petroleum Engineers. (PDF)

Christie, P. et al. (1995), Borehole seismic data sharpen the reservoir image, Oilfield Review, Winter 1995, 18-31. (PDF)

Haldorsen, J. B. U. et al. (2006), Borehole acoustic waves, Oilfield Review, Spring 2006, 34-43. (PDF)

Gilles Guerin
Mar. 7 Basics of well log processing Trevor Williams
Mar. 14 Gas hydrate evaluation/
Cyclostratigraphy and well logs (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Collett, T. S. and Ladd, J. (2000), Detection of gas hydrate with downhole logs and assessment of gas hydrate concentrations (saturations) and gas volumes on the Blake Ridge with electrical resistivity data, Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, v. 164, p. 179-191. (PDF)

deMenocal, P. B., et al. (1992), Paleoclimatic applications of downhole logs: Pliocene-Pleistocene results from Hole 798B, Sea of Japan, Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, v. 127/128, Part 1, p. 393-407. (PDF)

Alberto Malinverno
Mar. 28 Practical exercise at the Lamont wellsite (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Burgdorff, K. and Goldberg, D. (2001), Petrophysical characterization and natural fracturing in an olivine-dolerite aquifer, Electronic Geosciences, 6:3. (PDF)

Dave Goldberg/
Walt Masterson/
Eric Meissner
Apr. 4 Geochemical logging (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Herron, M. M. and Matteson, A. (1993), Elemental composition and nuclear parameters of some common sedimentary minerals, Nuclear Geophysics, 7, 383-406. (PDF)

Herron, S. L. and Herron, M. M. (1996), Quantitative lithology: An application for open and cased hole spectroscopy, Trans. SPWLA 37th Annual Logging Symposium, Paper E. (PDF)

Herron, S. L. and Herron, M. M. (2000), Application of nuclear spectroscopy logs to the derivation of formation matrix density, Trans. SPWLA 41st Annual Logging Symposium, Paper JJ. (PDF)

Poulin, M. et al. (2006), Deepwater core comparison with answers from a real-time petrophysical evaluation, SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering, April 2006, 165-171. (PDF)

Mike Herron
Apr. 11 Image and fracture analysis (slides-PDF)/ Oceanic crust characterization Trevor Williams/
Gerry Iturrino
Apr. 18 Stress estimation (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Bell, J. S. and Gough, D. I. (1979), Northeast-southwest compressive stress in Alberta: Evidence from oil wells, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 45, 475-482. (PDF)

McNeill, L. C., et al. (2004), Deformation and in situ stress in the Nankai Accretionary Prism from resistivity-at-bit images, ODP Leg 196, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02602, doi:10.1029/2003GL018799. (PDF)

Boness, N. L. and Zoback, M. D. (2004), Stress-induced seismic velocity anisotropy and physical properties in the SAFOD Pilot Hole in Parkfield, CA, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L15S17, doi:10.1029/2003GL019020. (PDF)

Dave Goldberg
Apr. 25 No seminar
May 2 Core-log integration (slides-PDF) Alberto Malinverno/
Nichole Anest/
Sean Higgins
May 9 Hydrology (slides-PDF)

Readings:

Molz, F. J. et al. (1994), Borehole flowmeters: field application and data analysis, J. of Hydrology, 163, 347-371. (PDF)

Boman, G. K. et al. (1997), Borehole flowmeter application in fluvial sediments: methodology, results, and assessment, Ground Water, 35, 443-450. (PDF)

Mutter, J. M. et al. (2006), Contact zone permeability at intrusion boundaries: New results from hydraulic testing and geophysical logging in the Newark Rift Basin, New York, USA, Hydrogeology J., 14, 689-699. (PDF)

Juerg Matter