Disasters represent a major source of risk for the poor. These natural events can wipe out development gains and accumulated wealth in developing countries. In this project we have assessed the global risks of two disaster-related outcomes: mortality and economic losses. We have estimated risk levels by combining hazard exposure with historical vulnerability for two indicators of elements at risk—gridded population and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per unit area—for six major natural hazards: earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods, drought, and cyclones.
Natural Disaster Profiles for Indian Ocean Countries
Profiles for 13 countries provide information on sub-national areas at risk from natural hazards including cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, volcanoes, floods, and landslides. In addition to basic geographic and socio-economic facts, most profiles include maps that indicate how specific areas of each country rank according to a global index of risk for each type of disaster. Some maps are weighted by mortality, and others by the proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) impacted. Multi-hazard disaster maps show the combined risk from key hazard groups.