Monitoring Indonesian ThroughFlow (MITF)
Long term monitoring of the Indonesian ThroughFlow (ITF):
The waterways of the Indonesian seas link the tropical Pacific Ocean with the Indian Ocean. The resultant interocean transfer of seawater from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean, referred to as the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF), is ten times greater than all of the river flow of the Earth. The ITF has a major impact on the heat content and sea surface temperature patterns of the Indian Ocean, and also affects the western Pacific. As shifts in sea surface temperature patterns are so closely linked to El Niño and the Asian monsoon, both of which have a major impact on society, understanding the ITF relationship to the regional and global climate system is essential in predicting climate change. Subsurface moorings have provided sustained, long term observations of the ITF behavior.