Projects and Initiatives

4D Technology

Our 4D seimic monitoring technique gives a volumetric 3D view of the drainage within each reservoir over time.

A Day in the Life of the Hudson River: Snapshot Day

students sampling at the river
PI(s): 
Margie Turrin

In this annual fall event school groups all along the Hudson River estuary go down to the river's edge to collect scientific information and share it to creat

Abrupt Climate Change

PI(s): 
Richard Seager

We all know that climate is either going to change, or is already doing so, as a result of human activities changing the atmosphere's composition and its land surface.

Abrupt Tropical Responses to Gradual Insolation Forcing

A detailed (ca. 100 yr resolution) and well-dated (31 AMS 14C dates to 24 cal.

African Climate and Human Evolution

Environmental hypotheses of African faunal evolution propose that major faunal speciation, extinction, and innovation events during the Pliocene-Pleistocene were mediated by

Location

United States
8° 42' 40.8924" N, 39° 51' 30.2328" E

AGAP: Exploring the Gamburtsev Subglacial Mountains in Antarctica during the International Polar Year

PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell

Scientists from several nations are working together to launch a flagship program to explore a major mountain range buried by a large continental ice sheet and bounded by numerous subglacial lakes.

Air Pollution and Exposure Assessment

Exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) has been shown to consistently correlate with pulmonary and cardiovascular disease.

Alaska/Aleutian megathrust project

Our project will focus on the subduction zone off southern Alaska, which produces large and destructive earthquakes.

Analysis of 9°50'N East Pacific Rise Seismicity: Insight into Hydrothermal and Magmatic Processes

OBS stuck in fresh lava flow in 2006.
PI(s): 
Maya Tolstoy
PI(s): 
Felix Waldhauser

This project is the continued analysis of seismic data collected on a 4x4 km array of ocean bottom seismometers (OBSs) deployed at the Ridge 2000 Integrated Study Site at 9°50'N on the East Pacific Ri

Location

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University
United States

Antarctic and Southern Ocean Data Portal

The Antarctic and Southern Ocean Data Portal provides access to geoscience data, primarily marine, from the Antarctic region.

Location

United States
81° 20' 5.4384" S, 97° 12' 25.3116" W

Antarctic Sea Ice Forecast

PI(s): 
Xiaojun Yuan

Antarctic sea ice seasonal forecasts based on a linear Markov model are in high demand for both observational and climate communities. They are provided by Xiaojun Yuan and Dake Chen.

Location

United States
74° 57' 33.8112" S, 22° 51' 5.6268" E

Antarctic Voyage Blog: Uncovering Abrupt Climate Change

PI(s): 
Bruce A. Huber
PI(s): 
Debra Tillinger

Global warming is abruptly redrawing parts of Antarctica’s coastline, as ice shelves collapse into the sea.

Arctic Observing Network: Switchyard Region

 The proposed research will document the circulation, variability, and driving mechanisms of the upper ocean in the “freshwater switchyard of the Arctic Ocean.” This unexplored reg

Bamboo Bike Project

PI(s): 
John C. Mutter
PI(s): 
David T. Ho

The Bamboo Bike Project is a project by Scientists and Engineers at The Earth Institute at Columbia University, a

Bridging the Poles

PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell

The "Bridging the Poles" workshop brought educators, scientists and media specialists together to focus on building stronger partnerships between Arctic and Antarctic communities, and bet

Calibration of R/V Langseth Seismic Sources

PI(s): 
Maya Tolstoy
PI(s): 
John B. Diebold
PI(s): 
Spahr C. Webb

This projects aims to calibrate the seismic sources to be used by the R/V Marcus Langseth to better understand and quantify the safety radii that should be used for permitting purposes when conduct

Location

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University
United States

CANOE

PI(s): 
James Gaherty

We propose a passive broad-band seismic experiment in northwestern Canada, a setting in which fundamental questions regarding the structure and dynamics of the mantle's upper and lower boundary lay

Carbon Dioxide Research Group

PI(s): 
Taro Takahashi

Sequestration of CO2 generated by power plants by injection into deep aquifers (geological sequestration) has been proposed as a possible alternative for the reduction of excessive green

Carbon Sequestration GPG Group

PI(s): 
Peter B. Kelemen
PI(s): 
Juerg M. Matter

Mineral carbonation in peridotite for CO2 capture and storage (CCS).

CATSCAN

Project Website for CAT/SCAN: Calabria-Apennine-Tyrrhenian/Subduction-Collision-Accretion Network

Location

United States
43° 7' 59.0196" N, 12° 18' 16.8768" E

CDPapua

PI(s): 
James Gaherty
PI(s): 
W. Roger Buck

Seismic imaging of active UHP exhumation in eastern Papua New Guinea

 

Center for Hazards and Risk Research.

The mission of the Columbia Center for Hazards and Risk Research is to advance the predictive science of natural and environmental hazards and the integration of science with hazard ri

Climate Kids Corner

PI(s): 
Naomi Henderson

Activities and Links for K-12 children interested in oceanography and the climate

CORC-ARCHES

PI(s): 
Peter Schlosser

CCORC - Consortium on the Ocean's Role in Climate
ARCHES - AbRupt climate CHangE Studies

Earth & Environmental Science Journalism

E&ESJ
PI(s): 
Kim A. Kastens

Columbia University offers a dual master's degree program in Earth & Environmental Science Journalism.

Earth 2 Class

Earth 2 Class

Earth2Class (Earth to Class/E2C) is a unique professional development program created jointly by classroom teachers, research scientists, a

EarthView Explorer

EarthView Explorer computer software was designed as supplemental material for teaching and learning in the Earth Sciences for students in grades 6-12.

Environmental Tracer Group

PI(s): 
Peter Schlosser
PI(s): 
Martin Stute

Members of our group work on a variety of projects including studies of water movement in natural systems (ocean, groundwater), reconstruction of continental paleotemperature

Experimental Petrology

Interests, resumes, bibliographies and pdfs of recent papers for experimental petrology group

Fairbanks' Lab

Fairbanks' Lab is a list of Richard Fairbanks' Research Pages with Radiocarbon Calibration

Fire, Climate, and Forest History in Mongolia

Gers in the Khangai Mountain Landscape
PI(s): 
Neil Pederson

Increased wildfires are predicted to accompany ongoing climate change. Yet, little evidence exists supporting this hypothesis.

GAMBIT: Gamburtsev Aerogeophysical Mapping of Bedrock and Ice Targets

PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell

Using geophysical instruments, GAMBIT will peal back more than 600 meters of ice to explore the last hidden mountain range on Earth.

Geoscience Data Puzzles

Data Puzzle
PI(s): 
Kim A. Kastens

 We think that learning from data is an inherently rewarding activity, and a habit of mind that is ke

GEOTRACES

GEOTRACES is an international study of the global marine biogeochemical cycles of trace elements and their isotopes. Its mission is:

Global CMT

PI(s): 
Göran Ekström
PI(s): 
Meredith Nettles

During the summer of 2006, the main activities of the research project known as the Harvard Centroid-Moment-Tensor (CMT) Project moved with Principal Investigator Göran Ekström from Harv

Global Decadal Hydroclimate Predictability, Variability and Change

Global precipitation minus evaporation
PI(s): 
Richard Seager
PI(s): 
Alexey Kaplan
PI(s): 
Naomi Henderson
PI(s): 
Jason E. Smerdon
PI(s): 
Mark A. Cane
PI(s): 
Yochanan Kushnir
PI(s): 
Mingfang Ting
PI(s): 
Michael N. Evans

 GloDecH is a research program funded by the NOAA Climate Variability and Predictability Program and conducted at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.  The research program involves a la

Location

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
United States

Global Dimming

PI(s): 
Beate G. Liepert

Dimming the Sun ...

Haiti Offshore : A Rapid Response Expedition

A multidisciplinary team of scientists undertook a 20-day research cruise on the Research Vessel Endeavor to map the effects of the Haitian earthquake offshore.

How do students and geologists combine observations from scattered rock outcrops to form a 3-dimensional mental model

PI(s): 
Kim A. Kastens

 Two questions about learning that are central to, and characteristic of, geoscience education are: 1)How do people learn by direct observation of Nature in the field?

Hudson River Monthly CTD Surveys

Photo of John Lipscomb deploying a CTD
PI(s): 
Wade McGillis

A monitoring program was initiated in 2001 to monitor the Hudson River's basic state variables of salinity, temperature and density along transects from New York Harbor to Troy.

Location

Hudson River
United States

Hudson River Research

PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell

The Center for River and Estuaries is an association of scientists from Columbia University that study various aspects of rivers and estuaries world wide including the distribution of sediments, th

Hurricane Katrina deceased victims

PI(s): 
John C. Mutter

Hurricane Katrina made landfall near New Orleans on August 29, 2005, but still today we do not know the true death toll. Just how many people lost their lives as a result of that tragic event?

ICE Bridge

airborne geophysics image
PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell
PI(s): 
James R. Cochran

 The Ice Sheets at both poles are changing - shrinking at increasing rates - rates that are faster than was ever expected by scientists.

icePod: Development of an Ice Imaging System for Monitoring Changing Ice Sheets Mounted on the NYANG LC-130

icepod arm

 This project will develop an integrated ice imaging system capable of measuring in detail both the ice surface and the ice bed. TheicePod system will be installed and operated on New York Air National Guard LC-130 aircraft during routine and targeted missions across Antarctica and Greenland as a shared community research facility providing data to scientists and educators globally. The fundamental data sets produced by the icePod system are necessary to support the development of accurate ice sheet models to predict sea level rise. The icePod system will consist of a suite of imaging sensors mounted in an external pod carried on New York Air National Guard LC-130’s to map the surface and subsurface ice topography of ice sheets, ice streams and outlet glaciers. 

Jamaica Bay Physical and Biogeochemical Study

PI(s): 
Arnold L. Gordon

Integrated reconnaissance of the physical and biogeochemical characteristics of Jamaica Bay, New York.

Location

United States
40° 36' 40.8456" N, 73° 50' 30.6888" W

LACOP: Lamont Atmospheric Carbon Observation Project

LACOP
PI(s): 
Wade McGillis

LACOP measures levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere at several observation sites.

Lake Vostok

PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell

Lake Vostok: A Curiosity or a Focus for Interdisciplinary Study?   A workshop sponsored by  U.S. National Science Foundation. 

Location

United States
78° 27' 0" S, 106° 47' 60" W

Lamont Cooperative Seismographic Network (LCSN)

PI(s): 
Won-Young Kim

Lamont-Doherty Cooperative Seismographic Network (LCSN) monitors earthquakes which occur primarily in the Eastern United States.

Lamont-Doherty Core Repository

PI(s): 
Maureen Raymo

The Lamont-Doherty Core Repository is both an archive of sediment (some terrestrial), rocks and coral from beneath the ocean floor, and an archive of the digital data pertaining to the material. They are used for research in climate, environment, many other studies, and for education.

Please click below to be taken directly to the Repository site.

LDEO ENSO Forecasts

PI(s): 
Dake Chen

Monthly forecasts of tropical Pacific SST and wind anomalies.

LDEO Surface Processes Group

PI(s): 
Colin P. Stark

LDEO surface processes (geomorphology & remote sensing) group web server, in order to disseminate our work to the geomorphology and hydrology research communities and beyond. 

Lean Energy

Lean Management for Oil and Gas in the Ultra Deep Gulf of Mexico.

LODOS

LODOS: Laboratory for Ocean Drilling, Observation, and Sampling. The purpose of LODOS is to expand and facilitate drilling-related science and education at Lamont.

Malawi Earthquakes Blog: Assessing Danger on the East African Rift

PI(s): 
James Gaherty

In December of 2009, nearly a dozen earthquakes of magnitude 5 or greater rattled the southeast African nation of Malawi, killing four, injuring hundreds, and making thousands homeless.

MB-System

PI(s): 
Dale N. Chayes

MB-System is an open source software package for the processing and display of bathymetry and backscatter imagery data derived f

MGDS: MARGINS Data Portal

Continental margins are the Earth's principal loci for producing hydrocarbon and metal resources, for earthquake, landslide, volcanic and climatic hazards, and for the greatest population density.

MGDS: Marine Geoscience Data System

Unified data portal for the NSF Ridge 2000 program, MARGINS program, Marine Seismic Reflection data, Antarctic Multibeam Bathymetry Synthesis, and RIDGE Multibeam Bathymetry Synthesis; includes Geo

MGDS: Ridge 2000 Data Portal

Access cruise information and data collected during Ridge2000 funded projects.

Monitoring Indonesian ThroughFlow (MITF)

PI(s): 
Arnold L. Gordon
PI(s): 
R. Dwi Susanto

Long term monitoring of the Indonesian ThrouFlow (ITF):

Mountains Under the Sea

PI(s): 
Timothy Crone

In December 2009, Marine scientists set off on the research ship Atlantis to study the East Pacific Rise, an actively volcanic undersea mountain range some 500 miles off Mexico and thousands of fee

Multidisciplinary Observations of Onshore Subduction (MOOS)

MOOS Seismic Array Map - Alaska

The MOOS experiment seeks to understand the structure and dynamics of subduction in the region of the 1964 Alaska earthquake, one of the three largest recorded (Mw 9.2), where terrane collision is

Location

Alaska
United States

New York City International Polar Weekend

Inter-division Event for International Polar Year.

How can you make glacier goo?

How can you make a snow shelter?

Look for fossils in your own yard!

Location

New York, NY
United States
40° 46' 52.9896" N, 73° 58' 26.3784" W

Newark Rift Basin Coring Project

PI(s): 
Paul E. Olsen

Wireline logs were acquired at seven sites in the Newark Rift basin using dipmeter, gamma ray, resistivity, ve

North American Drought Research at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

PI(s): 
Richard Seager

Research led by Richard Seager describes a modeling and paleoclimate perspective on the causes of North American droughts.

Location

North America
United States

Northern hemisphere winter snow anomalies: ENSO, NAO and the winter of 2009/10

PI(s): 
Richard Seager
PI(s): 
Mingfang Ting
PI(s): 
Yochanan Kushnir

Writing in July 2010 when the eastern U.S. has been having one heat wave after another, it is easy to forget the winter just past, but winter 2009/10 was one of record snow in much of the mid-Atlantic region and very cold conditions across eastern North America. There was also widespread cold and snow in northwestern Europe.  At the time, as record snowfall hit Washington D.C., this was a big deal much exploited by climate deniers and others to ridicule global warming and climate science.

Nuclear Test Ban Monitoring Research Site

PI(s): 
Won-Young Kim
PI(s): 
Paul G. Richards

Lamont-Doherty Nuclear Test Ban Monitoring Research.

Ocean Carbon Cycle Research

How much CO2 from human activity enters the ocean?

Paleo Dust

Paleo
PI(s): 
Gisela Winckler

Dust influences climate by altering the radiation budget of the atmosphere, and influences marine biogeochemistry by providing a source of essential micronutrients such as iron.

Paleoecology Laboratory

Describes global research using vegetation shifts to reconstruct local and regional changes in the landscape due to climate and/or anthropogenic influence.

Passive Hydroacoustics Research Group

Underwater acoustic studies related to undersea earthquakes, marine mammals, Antarctic ice-sheets, ocean noise and explosion monitoring.

PetDB

PetDB archives and serves analytical data for whole rocks, glasses, minerals, melt inclusions, with emphasis on basalts and abyssal peridotites.

PETRO

PETRO is the new oil and gas division of Lamont's corporate affiliates program.

Planning Land Use with Students (P.L.U.S.)

planning materials
PI(s): 
Margie Turrin

Students often wonder how local planning issues can be of concern to them. They don't own property, they don't pay property taxes, most don't yet vote...isn't this someone elses issue? The truth is this issue is very much connected to young people. The P.L.U.S. program is designed to show students why, and how to take advantage of this connection to offer their input.  Students work in teams with students from other schools in their community to examine important land planning questions. 

Quantitative Basin Analysis

PI(s): 
Garry Karner

Methodology for simulating basin stratigraphy and structure.

Real-Time Double-Difference Earthquake Locations for Northern California

PI(s): 
Felix Waldhauser
PI(s): 
David Schaff

This project develops and implements real-time, high-precision earthquake location algorithms for use in operational seismic monitoring procedures.

 

Ridge Multibeam Bathymetry Synthesis

Mutibeam Bathymetry data from the global Mid-Ocean Ridge with access to related data.

Rock Mechanics

ROCK MECHANICS
PI(s): 
Heather Savage

 Rocks and ice are slip-sliding away in the LDEO Rock Mechanics lab.

SCAMP (Seafloor Characterization And Mapping Pods)

PI(s): 
Dale N. Chayes

Welcome to the presense of the SCAMP component of the SCICEX program on the World Wide Web. An underway geophysical survey from nuclear submarines in the Arctic.

SCICEX

SCICEX
PI(s): 
Dale N. Chayes

SCICEX was a 5 year program (1995-1999) in which the Navy has made available a Sturgeon-class, nuclear powered, attack submarine for unclassified science cruises to the Arctic Ocean.

SCOOBA

SCOOBA
PI(s): 
James Gaherty

Deployment of a wide-band OBS in the Gulf of California from the R/V New Horizon in Oct 2005.  Seismometer is housed in the green sphere, while recording, power, and communications devices are

Secondary School Field Research Program (SSFRP)

PI(s): 
Robert Newton

Lamont Doherty's Secondary School Field Research Program engages High School teachers and students as science interns, working with Lamont scientists.  We operate a 6-week full-time summer int

SedDB - Data Collection for Marine Sediment Geochemistry

SedDB complements current geological data systems (PetDB, EarthChem, NavDat and GEOROC) with an integrated compilation of geochemistry of marine

Seismic Reflection Field Data Center

Seismic Reflection Field Data Center

Access to marine seismic reflection images, navigation, acquisition parameters and field data.

Southern Ocean Circulation and overturning

PI(s): 
Arnold L. Gordon

The ring of deep water around Antarctica not only links the major ocean [Atlantic/Pacific/Indian] , but also produces dense waters along the continental margins of the frozen continent, which sinks

Southern Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment

PI(s): 
David T. Ho
PI(s): 
Wade McGillis

A US-led program to use process studies to improve quantification of air-sea CO2 fluxes and the gas transfer velocity was initiated in 1998.  So far, two large-scale studies have been conducte

Location

Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean.
United States

Structure and Evolution of the Oceanic Lithosphere / Asthenosphere System

PI(s): 
James Gaherty

What is a plate?  We  undertake a comprehensive analysis  designed to significantly advance our understanding of the structure and evolution of oceanic plates. 

Synthesis of Research on Thinking and Learning in the Geosciences

synthesis image
PI(s): 
Kim A. Kastens

This project will synthesize existing knowledge and articulate unanswered questions in critical areas of research on cognition and learning relevant to the Geosciences.

Location

Carleton College
United States

TAMAM : Turkish-American MArmara Multichannel

TAMAM

A project using multichannel seismic reflection data collected on research cruises in the Marmara Sea to study the earthquake hazard and basin growth along a continental transform fault, the North

Location

Marmara Sea
Turkey

The Exotic Seas of Southeast Asia

PI(s): 
Arnold L. Gordon

A truly unique part of the ocean’s geography is the seas of Southeast Asia: the Java Sea, the Sulu Sea and the South China Sea.  Stretching more than 2800 miles from Australia to southeast Asia, with more than 20000 islands, the constraints of narrow passages and seas, with varied sizes and depths, represents an interesting challenge to our understanding of ocean processes.  Through these southeast Asian seas tropical Pacific water weaves its way into the Indian Ocean which affects the characteristics of such well known climate phenomena as El Niño and the Asian monsoon.

Torrey Plant Physiology Lab

PI(s): 
Kevin L. Griffin

The Ecophysiology group studies the physiological mechanisms underlying plant responses to environmental conditions and the influence these responses have on ecological pa

Tree Ring Research Laboratory

Tree-Ring Lab (TRL) scientists are dedicated to expanding the use and application of tree-ring research around the world to improve our understanding of past climate and environmental history.  Current research concentrates on the use of tree-ring data networks to study regional climate, global climate teleconnections and anthropogenic impacts on forest growth.

Exploring new species in new regions, building collaborations around the world, and developing new quantitative techniques, TRL researchers are committed to advancing dendrochronology and paleoclimatology, as well as the ethic of good science

Turkish-American MArmara Multichannel (TAMAM)

 This project is a collaboration between several US and Turkish research institutes to study the tectonics of the Marmara Sea.

Location

Marmara Sea
Turkey

Understanding and Improving How People Use Maps

map
PI(s): 
Kim A. Kastens

In collaboration with colleagues at Teachers College, Lamont scientists developed the Where Are We? software and associated curriculum materials to help elementary school childre

West Antarctic Ice Sheet Airborne Gravimetry

PI(s): 
Robin E. Bell

An airborne geophysical program over West Antarctica was designed to study the linkage between the West Antarctic Rift System and the dynamic evolution of the overlying West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Location

Antarctica
Antarctica
83° 49' 47.802" S, 85° 4' 41.25" E

What can island isostasy tell us about hotspot dynamics?

marine terraces on Boa Vista Island

The Cape Verde Archipelago - the type-example of a hotspot in a stationary plate environment with respect to its melting source - exhibits ubiquitous evidence for quaternary uplift.

Location

Cape Verde Islands
Cape Verde