Tiny Iceland is a prime exemplar of the complexities wrought by warming climate. It is 11 percent covered by ice, but it is basically also one very large, very active volcanic system. The island has seen fast-increasing temperatures since the 1970s, and glaciers–a big source of tourism and runoff for hydropower–are visibly receding. This cuts various ways. Iceland gets almost all its electricity and heat from hydropower and geothermal wells. Increased glacial runoff means increased generation potential; on the other hand, in 50 or 100 years, Iceland may be mostly land and very little ice, and the runoff could dry up.
|Name||Title||Fields of interest|
|Juan Carlos deObeso||Graduate Student|
|Sarah Lambart||Postdoctoral Research Scientist||Experimental petrology, Mantle heterogeneities, Upper mantle processes, Reaction-driven cracking, CO2 storage via in situ mineral carbonation|
|Amelia Paukert||Graduate Student||Carbon sequestration, hydrogeology, aqueous geochemistry, water-rock interaction|
|Natalia Zakharova||Postdoctoral Research Scientist||Borehole geophysics, carbon sequestration, induced seismicity, unconventional reservoirs, Newark Rift basin|
|Dorothy M. Peteet||Adjunct Senior Research Scientist||Paleoclimate, paleoecology, climate modeling, wetland carbon storage, palynology.|
|Angela Slagle||Associate Research Scientist||Sedimentary features and subsurface imaging in shallow subduction zones and continental margins; Carbon sequestration and porosity/permeability in ocean basalts; Wireline logging and logging-while drilling.|
|David S. Goldberg||Lamont Research Professor||Borehole Geophysics, Methane Hydrates, CO2 sequestration|
|Juerg M. Matter||Adjunct Senior Research Scientist||Carbon Sequestration, Hydrogeophysics, Flow and Transport in Saturated Media|
|Peter B. Kelemen||Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor|
|Paul E. Olsen||Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor||paleontology, stratigraphy, Evolution of continental ecosystems (climate change, mass extinctions)|
|Taro Takahashi||Ewing Lamont Research Professor||CO2 cycling through oceans and atmosphere; industrial CO2 accumulation.|
April 14, 2015
July 10, 2013
The desert sultanate of Oman is home to some of the weirdest—and possibly most useful—rocks on earth. The stark Hajar mountains, near the border with Saudi Arabia, contain a chunk of earth’s mantle—a zone that makes up most of earth’s mass, but normally lies inaccessible to humans, far below the surface. Here, though, a sliver of mantle has made its way up to where we can see and touch it. The outcrop has drawn scientists looking for clues to the dynamics of the deep earth; the origins of life; and, most recently, ways to fight climate change.
September 12, 2011
Under the shopping malls and highways of suburbia, there might one day be a partial fix for global warming. Since August, engineers have been drilling just west of the Tappan Zee Bridge to collect samples of rock from the Newark Basin, an ancient rock formation stretching beneath New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
January 04, 2010
Scientists say buried volcanic rocks along the heavily populated coasts of New York, New Jersey and New England, as well as further south, might be ideal reservoirs to lock away carbon dioxide emitted by power plants and other industrial sources.
June 16, 2009
In an $11 million pilot project, Reykjavik Energy will capture CO2 from its plant, dissolve the gas in water and inject it deep into volcanic basalt nearby. Over the nine-month study, some 2,000 tons of greenhouse gas will be treated.
March 05, 2009
6,000 Square Miles in U.S. Might Turn Emissions to Harmless Solids
To slow global warming, scientists are exploring ways to pull carbon dioxide from the air and safely lock it away.
July 23, 2008
Nutrients washed out of the Amazon River are powering huge amounts of previously unexpected plant life far out to sea, thus trapping atmospheric carbon dioxide, according to a new study.
July 14, 2008
Drilling, experiments, target huge formations off West Coast
Palisades, N.Y., July 14, 2008—A group of scientists has used deep ocean-floor drilling and experiments to show that volcanic rocks off the West Coast and elsewhere might be used to securely imprison huge amounts of globe-warming carbon dioxide captured from power plants or other sources. In particular, they say that natural chemical reactions under 78,000 square kilometers (30,000 square miles) of ocean floor off California, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia could lock in as much as 150 years of U.S. CO2 production
December 11, 2007
Dec 10, 2007--Scientists from Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory will report this week on vital topics including new evidence of the effects of climate change; technologies to confront it; studies of eastern U.S. earthquake risk; and previously unseen inner workings of the deep polar ice caps. The reports will be presented at the fall 2007 American Geophysical Union (AGU), the largest earth-sciences gathering in the world, Dec. 10-14 in San Francisco.
|Air, Water and Stone - Lowering CO2 through Sequestration|
|Stashing CO2 In Rocks||NPR Science Friday, Jan. 11, 2010|
|Igneous Rock Could Hold CO2||Clean Skies Network, LLC|
|Carbon Sequestration Research||at Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory|
|Carbon Sequestration in Deep-Sea Basalt||Lamont Doherty's Earth Science Colloquium|
|Turning Carbon Dioxide Into Stone||NPR Science Friday, July 18, 2008|