CURRICULUM VITAE

Christine McCarthy

 

EDUCATION


Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

    Ph.D. Geological Science, Spring 2009

    Sc.M. Geological Science, Spring 2005, Advisor: Reid Cooper

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

    B.S. Geophysics, 2003, Advisor: Douglas Toomey

California State University, Long Beach, California

    B.A. Communications, 1995


RESEARCH EXPERIENCE


Rock Mechanics Lab, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, NY      2011 – present

Lamont Doherty Postdoctoral Fellow

Assist in the rehabilitation of a rock friction lab. Design and fabricate a dynamic cryo-friction apparatus used to explore the influence of tidal forcings on glacier motion and icy satellite frictional heating.

                         Mentor: Heather Savage


Earth Mechanics Lab, Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, JAPAN       2009 – 2011

Postdoctoral Researcher

Assisted in the testing and modification of a new forced oscillation apparatus. Developed sample fabrication and controlled grain growth via annealing protocols. Experimentally determined attenuation and Young’s modulus of single and multiphase aggregates of earth analogue material, including partially molten samples. Analyze data using Fortran and Matlab.

              Mentor: Yasuko Takei


Kinetics and Rheology Lab, Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI     2004 – 2009

Doctoral Student

Experimentally studied the mechanical properties of ice and ice/salt-hydrate mixtures relevant to outer satellites using a dead-weight creep and a servo-mechanical apparatus. Designed and implemented a high-strain-resolution load train and cryostat for the servo-mechanical apparatus. Supervised three undergraduate assistants.

                        Mentors: Reid F. Cooper, David L. Goldsby


Planetary Materials Deformation Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA    2007 - 2008

Ice Deformation Lab, U.C. Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Livermore, CA                 2004 - 2005

Student Researcher

Performed low T/high P creep experiments on ice/salt hydrate mixtures using a gas deformation apparatus in order to provide viscosity measurements for tectonic models of Europa

                        Mentor: William B. Durham


Planetary Geophysics Lab, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA     2002 - 2005

Student Researcher

Conducted sample synthesis and characterization of several ice/hydrate binary eutectic systems using SEM and XRD, both adapted for cryogenic conditions.

                        Mentor: Stephen H. Kirby


Tectonophysics/Seismology, Brown University, Providence, RI                 2003 - 2004

Masters Student

Analyzed Rayleigh wave dispersion data to approximate the continental structure of N. America

                        Mentor: Karen M. Fischer


AWARDS, GRANTS and FELLOWSHIPS


  1.     Lamont-Doherty Innovation Fund, 2011

  2.     Lamont-Doherty Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2011

  3.     Micro-DICE exchange grant from the European Science Foundation, 2011

  4.     Visiting researcher, International office of ERI, University of Tokyo, 2011

  5.     Outstanding Student Paper Award, Mineral and Rock Physics division, American Geophysical Union, Fall 2009 press release

  6.     Stephen E. Dwornik Planetary Science Student Paper Award, Planetary Geology Division, Geological Society of America, 2006

  7.     Undergraduate degree conferred “with honors”, Univ. of Oregon, 2003

  8.     NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Undergraduate Research award, 2002


PUBLICATIONS


McCarthy, C., R.F. Cooper, S.H. Kirby, K.D. Rieck, and L.A. Stern (2007) Solidification and microstructures of binary ice I/hydrate eutectic aggregates. American Mineralogist, Vol. 92, 1550-1560. pdf


McCarthy, C., K.D. Rieck, S.H. Kirby, W.B. Durham, L.A. Stern and R.F. Cooper (2007) Crystal Growth of Ice I/Hydrate Eutectic Binary Solutions. Physics and Chemistry of Ice, Ed. W.F. Kuhs, RSC Publishing, Cambridge, 391-398.


McCarthy, C., R.F. Cooper, D.L. Goldsby, W.B. Durham, and S.H. Kirby (2011) Transient and Steady-state Creep Response of Ice-I and Magnesium Sulfate Hydrate Eutectic Aggregates, Journal of Geophysical Research - Planets, doi:10.1029/2010JE003689 pdf


Takei, Y., K. Fujisawa, and C. McCarthy (2011) Experimental study of attenuation and dispersion over a broad frequency range: 1. The Apparatus, Journal of Geophys. Res. 116, B09204, doi:10.1029/2011JB008382 pdf


McCarthy, C., Y. Takei and T. Hiraga (2011) Experimental study of attenuation and dispersion over a broad frequency range: 2. The universal scaling of polycrystalline materials, Journal of Geophys. Res. 116, B09207, doi:10.1029/2011JB008384 pdf


McCarthy, C. and Y. Takei, (2011) Anelasticity and viscosity of partially molten rock analogue: toward seismic detection of small quantities of melt, Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L18306, doi:10.1029/2011GL048776 pdf


McCarthy, C. and J. C. Castillo-Rogez (2013) Planetary Ices: Attenuation Properties, in: The Science of Solar System Ices, Eds.: M. Gudipati and J. Castillo-Rogez, Springer


McCarthy, C., J. R. Blackford, and C.E. Jeffree, Low-Temperature-SEM study of dihedral angles in the Ice-I/sulfuric acid partially molten system, Journal of Microscopy, in press


MANUSCRIPTS IN PREPARATION


McCarthy, C. and R.F. Cooper, A multi-mechanism model of attenuation and heat production in planetary ice



INVITED TALKS


“Attenuation and dispersion in Earth and planetary materials”, Geology & Geophysics, Yale, 2012


“Anelasticity of Earth and Planetary Materials”, Astrobiology and Planetary Exploration meeting, Univ. College London, 2011


“Experimentally determined anelastic and plastic behaviors of melt-free and melt-bearing Earth analogue materials: implications for grain and phase boundary dynamics”, AGU 2010


“The study of Attenuation in Earth and Planetary materials”, OHRC Seminar, Earthquake Research Institute (University of Tokyo), 2010


Microstructure and mechanical properties of planetary ices”, Departmental Colloquium, Washington University in St. Louis, 2009


“The Role of Grain Boundaries and Dislocations in the Attenuation of Planetary Ices”, AOGS 2009, Singapore


“Plastic and Anelastic Responses of Ice-I/Magnesium Sulfate Hydrate Eutectic Aggregates”, AGU 2006


“Planetary Ices – Microstructure and Mechanical Properties”, Marine Geology & Geophysics Seminar Series, Lamont-Doherty (Columbia University) 2008


“Microstructure and Strength of Salty Ice: An Experimental Study of Materials Likely Found on Jupiter’s Moon Europa”, Physics Department Colloquium, Lafayette College, Easton PA 2006


“Microstructure and Strength of Salty Ice: En Experimental Study of Materials Likely Found on Europa”, Physics and Chemistry of Ice Seminar Series, NASA/JPL, Pasadena, CA 2006


MEETINGS AND ABSTRACTS


McCarthy, C. and Y. Takei, “Attenuation and dispersion of melt-free and melt-bearing Earth analogue materials”, IUGG 2011 (talk)

McCarthy, C., J. Castillo-Rogez, and R. F. Cooper, “Strain history effects on the plastic and anelastic properties of planetary ice”, AGU 2010 (talk)

McCarthy, C., Y. Takei, and K. Fujisawa, “Elastic and inelastic properties of Earth analogue materials determined from forced oscillation experiments, EGU 2010 (poster)

McCarthy, C., K. Fujisawa, Y. Takei and T. Hiraga, “Experimentally determined attenuation and modulus in Earth analogue materials over a wide range of frequency”, AGU 2009 (talk)

McCarthy, C., The Influence of Second Phases on the Rheological Properties of Ice at Planetary Conditions”, Icy Satellites Workshop, Hokkaido, 2009 (talk)

McCarthy, C., S.R. Berglund, R.F. Cooper and D.L. Goldsby, “Influence of Strain History and Strain Amplitude on the Internal Friction of Ice-I and two-phase Ice/Salt Hydrate Aggregates”, AGU 2008 (talk)

McCarthy, C., R.F. Cooper, D.L. Goldsby, “Dynamic Attenuation Measurements of Polycrystalline Ice at Planetary Conditions”, LPSC XXXIX, Abstract #2512, 2008 (poster)

McCarthy, C., D.L. Goldsby, R.F. Cooper, “Anelastic Response of Ice-I/Magnesium Sulfate Hydrate Eutectic Aggregates Obtained from Cyclic Loading Experiments”, AGU 2007, Abstract MR11A-07 (talk)

Stern, L.A., Durham, W.B., Kirby, S.H., McCarthy, C., Kubo, T., Rieck, K., Pathare, A. “Planetary Ices up close: imaging by cryogenic SEM”, AGU 2007, Abstract #MR23A-1021

McCarthy, C., D.L Goldsby, R.F. Cooper, S.H. Kirby, and W.B. Durham, “Steady-State Creep Response of Ice-I/Magnesium Sulfate Hydrate”, LPI Institute Workshop on Satellites of the Outer Solar System, Boulder, Abstract # 6075, 2007 (talk)

McCarthy, C., D.L. Goldsby, and R.F. Cooper, “Transient and steady-state creep responses of Ice I/Magnesium sulfate hydrate eutectic aggregates” LPSC, XXXVIII, Abstract # 2429, 2007 (poster)

McCarthy, C., R.F. Cooper, S.H. Kirby, and W.B Durham, “Ice/Hydrate Eutectics: The implications of microstructure and rheology on a multi-phase Europan crust”, LPSC XXXVII, Abstract #2467, 2006 (talk)

McCarthy, C.M., S. Kirby, W. Durham, R. Cooper, and L. Stern, “The Mechanical Responses of Two-Phase Magnesium Sulfate-Hydrate/Water Ice Aggregates: Impacts of a Eutectic Solidification Microstructure on Strength and on Strain Homogeneity”, AGU 2005, Abstract #T41C-1319 (poster)

Fischer, K.M., McCarthy, C.M., Zaranek, S.E., Rychert, C.A., Li, A. “Asthenospheric anisotropy beneath North America” AGU 2005, Abstract #U52A-01

McCarthy, C.M., S. Kirby, W. Durham, and L. Stern, “Microstructure and physical properties of sulfate hydrate/ice eutectic aggregates in the binary system sodium-sulfate/water at planetary conditions” AGU 2004, Abstract #P31A-0955 (poster)

McCarthy, C.M., S. Kirby, W. Durham, and L. Stern, “Melt-Grown Grain Textures of Eutectic Mixtures of Water Ice with Magnesium- and Sodium-Sulfate Hydrates and Sulfuric-Acid Hydrate Using Cryogenic SEM (CSEM)”, AGU 2003, Abstract #T42A-0275 (poster)


TEACHING EXPERIENCE


Harriet W. Sheridan Center for Teaching and Learning Certificate I, Participated in a year long series of lectures and workshops to develop a reflective teaching style, Brown University 2008

Geochemistry Lab Teaching Assistant, Brown University, Providence, RI, Spring 2005, Spring 2009

Geology Lab Teaching Assistant, Bryant University, Smithfield, RI, Spring 2006 - Fall 2007

Brown-sponsored Science Outreach Program to 4th and 2nd grade classes, Vartan Gregorian Elementary, 2005 – 2008


AFFILIATIONS


American Geophysical Union

International Glaciology Society

Mineralogical Society of America

Seismological Society of Japan

Brown University GeoClub, Co-President 2004-2005