WALL NO. 1.
The specimens upon the east wall of the large room belong to the first
1.1. A slab of reddish sandstone, 8° 4' X 5° 4'. It contains 36 depressed tracks of the following species: Anomoepus major Ð the most remarkable consisting of the impressions of all four feet, two heels and a caudal markÐBrontozoum validum, B. Sillimanium, Amblonyx giganteus and A. Lyellianus. Is covered by marks of rain and vegetable (?) fragments. Procured at Marsh's auction in Greenfield, in 1853. From Field's Orchard, Turner's Falls, Gill. Noticed upon pages 57, 71 and 72, and figured upon Plate XXXVIII., fig. 2, of the Ichnology. Nos. 1.1 and 1.7 of this wall furnish the type of the species Anomoepus major.Total number of tracks on Wall No. 1,125.
1.2. A slab of reddish sandstone, 6° 3' X 2° 7', showing raised tracks of Brontozoum validum and Amblonyx Lyellianus, with rainmarks and vegetable (?) fragments. Procured at Marsh's auction. Dug up at Field's Orchard, Gill.
1.3. Micaceous shale, 5° 6' X 7° 9'. Shows depressed tracks of Anisopus Deweyanus, Brontozoum divaricatum, B. Sillimanium, Grallator cuneatus, Gigantitherium minus, Hyphepus Fieldi, Apatichnus circumagens (a long row,) and Saltator caudatus. Surface covered by delicate rainmarks, and what resemble toemarks of Brontozoum, etc. H. Fieldi very distinct. 1856. From the Lily Pond quarry on Field's farm, Turner's Falls. Figured, Plate XLII., fig. 2, of Ichnology, and noticed upon pages 61, 95, 97, and 100.
1.4. Micaceous sandstone, 4° 5' X 2° 4'. Shows three impressions of Tridentipes insignis made upon ripplemarks. Fragment of the stipe of a fern. Obtained before 1842. From Marsh's quarry, southwest part of Montague. Noticed upon page 91, and figured upon Plate XLVII., fig. 2, of Ichnology.
1.5. Hard, irregular sandstone, 2° 10' X 3° 6'. Shows tracks in relief, of Brontozoum Sillimanium, B. exsertum and Grallator cuneatus. From west bank of Connecticut River, below Smith's Ferry in Northampton, 1855.
1.6. Slab same as No. 1.5, 2° 5' X 3° 8', showing tracks in relief of Brontozoum exsertum. Same locality and history as No. 1.5.
1.7. Slab of trapezoidal shape, 9° 2' X 7° 2'. Very fine impressions of the hind feet, heels, and tail of Anomoepus major. 1858. From Lily Pond quarry. Noticed upon page 57 of Ichnology, page 37 of Supplement, and photographed in Plate XIX. of Supplement. [cotype of Anomoepus major.]
TABLE NO. 2.
Slabs upon elevated desk- like table by the southeast windows of the
2.1. Flagstone, 4° 8' X 5°, showing impressions of Brontozoum giganteum, B. approximatum, B. validum, and a variety of fragments of the stipes of the Clathropteris. 1855. From below Smith's Ferry, Northampton.Total number of tracks on Table No. 2, 91.
2.2. Flagstone, 4° 11' X 3° 6'. Rows of Brontozoum validum. B. exsertum, B. Sillimanium (?), with fern stipes and ripple-marks. 1853 or 1854. Below Smith's Ferry.
2.3. Flagstone, 7° 3' X 4° 11'. Tracks in relief of Brontozoum giganteum, B. validum and B. exsertum. Ripplemarks and shrinkage cracks. 1853 or 1854. Near Smith's Ferry.
2.4. Flagstone, 6° X 4° 6'. Impressions of Brontozoum giganteum with shrinkage cracks. 1853 or 1854. Near Smith's Ferry.
2.5. Micaceous sandstone, 5° 6' X 3° 3'. One row of impressions of Brontozoum giganteum, and another of B. Sillimanium. 1854. Horse Race, Gill.
2.6. Flagging stone, 4° 2' X 2°. Shows tracks in relief, remarkably distinct, of Brontozoum validum and B. exsertum. Some of these ichnites, the type of the old species B. expansum, which are with difficulty referred to any species in the existing classification. Slab used as a bagging stone at Turner's Falls, previous to 1848. Figured in Final Report, Geology of Massachusetts, Plate XLVIII., fig. 50.
2.7. Tough, thick slab of hard slightly reddish sandstone, 8° X 4°. Impressions of Brontozoum giganteum, upon uneven surface. 1855. Below Smith's Ferry.
2.8. Slab, 16' X 13', of ripplemarks. South Hadley(?). No. 22.4 of Ichnology.
2.9. Slab, 19' X 13', of ripplemarks. South Hadley. No. 2.17 of Ichnology.
2.10. Gray shale, 15' X 12', showing impressions of raindrops. From Turner's Falls, below the dam. No. 23.4 of Ichnology.
2.11. Shale with ripplemarks. South Hadley. No. 23.7 of Ichnology.
TABLE NO. 3.
Table next platform, adjacent to No. 1.
3.1. Large slab, 30° X 4° 3', made up of three separate slabs cemented together. The stone is broken up into numerous wedgeshaped joints. The layer of red mud, onefourth of an inch above this layer, upon which the animals trod, could not be preserved. The slab was procured on account of a row of the depressed tracks of Otozoum Moodii, eleven in number. Other impressions are those of Anisopus Deweyanus, Brontozoum Sillimanium, Grallator formosus (type of species) and G. cursorius. 66 tracks in all. From Moody Corner, South Hadley. 1854. The original of Plate I. of Ichnology, designed for Frontispiece, and copied upon the salver of a silver service presented to Dr. Hitchcock by the Faculty and students of Amherst College in 1859. Figured also in Plate XXXIII., fig. 4, and mentioned on page 124.TABLE NO. 4.
4.1. Slab of coarse reddish sandstone, the counterpart of 3.1. The western portion, 10° 8' X 2° 10', not naturally connected with the other part, 13° 4' X 4°. The former was obtained by Pliny Moody of South Hadley, near his house in 1847, and subsequently presented by him to the Cabinet. The other part of the slab was removed from above No. 3.1. Tracks the same as on 3.1, except Grallator formosus is wanting. Those of G. cursorius are specially important as showing the animal producing them to have been a biped and not a quadruped. Slab covered with rainmarks. Older slab described in Amer. Journ. Sci. N. S. Vol. IV., p. 46; Trans. Amer. Acad. Arts and Sciences in 1849, and page 124 of Ichnology. Figured Plate XXXIII., fig. 5 of Ichnology. Newer slab the same references in the latter volume.Total number of tracks on this Table, 133.
4.2. Micaceous sandstone, showing a single raised track of the Otozoum Moodii, from Turner's Falls. About 1856.
4.3. Micaceous sandstone with single impression of Otozoum Moodii, showing the marks of a web beyond the toes. Same locality as No. 4.2.
4.4. Same as No. 4.3. Page 126, and Plate XLVI., fig. 2 of Ichnology.
4.5. Same as No. 4.3. Single raised track, imperfect, and probably belonging to a smaller species .
4.6. Hard, gray shale, 1° 6' X 8'. One track of Brontozoum exsertum or B. Sillimanium from Chicopee Falls. Before 1849. No. 23.13 of Ichnology.
4.7. Slab, 2° 3' X 9'. Two tracks in relief of Anomoepus minor, and a multitude of large rainmarks. No. 22.5 of Ichnology.
TABLE NO. 5.
5.1. Slab, 1° 7' X 2°1' of sandstone. Single raised track of Otozoum Moodii with recurved "thumb," also one of Brontozoum Sillimanium. Broken and poorly mended. Moody quarry, South Hadley. 1854. Plate LIX., fig. 1 of Ichnology.Total number of tracks on this Table, 139.
5.2. Slab of hard schistose sandstone, 2° 3' X 1° 9', like No. 5.4. Tracks in relief of Brontozoum exsertum and B. validum, with stipe of fern. From below Smith's Ferry. 1854.
5.3. Slab, 2° 5' X 2°, showing depressed tracks of Brontozoum divaricatum, B. Sillimanium, B. validum, with delicate ripplemarks. Horse Race, Gill.
5.4. Hard schistose slab, 2° 6' X 2°, exhibiting impressions of Brontozoum exsertum. From below Smith's Ferry. 1854.
5.5. Hard, schistose slab, 3° X 2°, with Brontozoum validum and B. exsertum in relief. 1854. Below Smith's Ferry.
5.6. Same as No. 5.5, 2° 8' X 3° 10'.
5.7. Same as No. 5.5, 3° X 2°.
5.8. Slab, 3° 6' X 3° 3'. Curved rows of impressions of Anomoepus curvatus, with a tailtrace. Shrinkage cracks and ripplemarks. Counterpart of No. 53.7. 1858. Lily Pond quarry, Turner's Falls. Page 100, Plate XLVI., fig. 4 of Ichnology.
5.9. Hard schistose slab, 4° X 2° 6'. Tracks in relief of Brontozoum exsertum and Grallator cuneatus. Below Smith's Ferry. 1854. Ichnology, Plate XXXIX., fig. 4.
5.10. Gray micaceous flagging stone somewhat worn by use, 4° X 3°. Shows rows of Tridentipes insignis in relief. 1840. Below Smith's Ferry. Figured in Final Report Geol. Mass., Plate XLVIII., fig. 64.
5.11. Same as No. 5.10, showing in addition, rows of Platypterna varica and several conjectural coprolites. 4° X 4°. Page 91, Plate XLV., fig. 3 of Ichnology.
5.12. Same as No. 4.4, 2° 6' X 2° 3'. Brontozoum exsertum and B. validum in relief.
5.13. Sandstone, 15' X 12', showing a single raised track of Otozoum Moodii. 1855. Moody quarry, South Hadley.
5.14. Coarse sandstone, slightly reddish. Shows in relief, both hind and fore feet of Otozoum Moodii, and tracks of Brontozoum Sillimanium. A n unique and typical specimen for the Otozoum. 1855. Moody quarry, South Hadley. Pages 124-126, 183, Plate XLVI., fig. 5 of Ichnology.
TABLE NO. 6.
6.1. Large, thick slab, placed upon edge, 6° 3' X 5° 8'. On the cast face are rows of Tridentipes uncus, Tarsodactylus caudatus, Brontozoum divaricatum, Orthodactylus floriferus, Chelonoides inecdens, Saltator caudatus, Exocampe ornata, with obscure tracks of an unknown quadruped, " mudholes" and unknown plant. On west side of slab, row of Platypterna varica, trail of bisulcate annelid and shrinkage cracks. 1855. From Lily Pond quarry, Turner's Falls. Figured in part, in Ichnology, Plate XLVI., fig. 1, Plate XLV., fig. 2.Total number of tracks on this Table, 122.
6.2. Slab, 3° 3' X 1° 6', of hard argillaceous sandstone, showing many pebbles scattered over the surface. Row of Platypterna recta, (type of the species,) with transverse ripplemarks. 1854. From the south side at Turner's Falls. Page 85, Plate XLVII., fig. 3 of Ichnology.
6.3. Fine micaceous sandstone, 1° 11' X 1° 6'. Tracks in relief of Otozoum Moodii (second species,) (?) Brontozoum exsertum, and two of Apatichnus circumagens. 1854. Ferry at Turner's Falls. Page 69, Plate XLVL, fig. 3 of Ichnology.
6.4. Red sandstone 2° 1' X 1°, with row of impressions of Selenichnus breviusculus, and many rainmarks. Lily Pond.
6.5. Single track of Brontozoum exsertum, 12' X 8'. From Ferry at Turner's Falls.
6.6. No. 22.6 of Ichnology. Slab, 2° 2' X 1° 4', with single impressions of Brontozoum tuberatum and Amblonyx Lyellianus, and many rainmarks. Turner's Falls, Field's Orchard.
6.7. Reddish sandstone, 15' X 12', with marks of large raindrops in relief. Turner's Falls.
6.8. Reddish shale, 1° 9' X 1° 3', showing thirteen pedal and caudal impressions of Plectropterna gracilis, and single ones of Brontozoum Sillimanium, Grallator cursorius sad G. cuneatus (?). Turner's Falls.
TABLE NO. 7.
7.1. Large slab of sandstone, 10° 3' X 2° 3'. Contains three tracks of Brontozoum giganteum in relief Ð in a row Ð the largest in a row of this species in the Cabinet. Covered with stipes of ferns. 1842, or earlier. From below Smith's Ferry. Page 64, Plate XXXIII., fig. 2 of Ichnology.TABLE NO. 8.
8.1. Large slab running across from the platform to the south wall, 22° X 2° 5'. Micaceous sandstone, showing a row of seven tracks of the Brontozoum giganteum (?). If not B. approximatum, a small individual of B. giganteum. One of the most impressive slabs in the Cabinet. In two parts, one of them somewhat broken. Before 1842, from below Smith's Ferry. Page 64, Plate XXXIII., fig. 1 of Ichnology.TABLE NO. 9.
8.2, 8.3. Slabs of fine red sandstone, covered with nests of Batrachoides nidificans. 1855. Near South Hadley Falls. Page 123 of Ichnology.
9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5. Slabs of red sandstone, containing Batrachoides nidificans. Near South Hadley Falls. 1855. Page 123 of Ichnology.Total number of tracks on this Table, not including Batrachoides, 388.
9.6, 9.7. Slabs, 3Á 6' X 2Á 8', and 2Á X 1Á 5', showing Batrachoides nidificans. South Hadley Falls. 1855.
9.8. Red shale, 2Á 5' X 2Á, showing on front side seven tracks of Brontozoum validum; behind, eight tracks of the same in relief, not corresponding to those in front. Two miles north of the village of South Hadley on a hill. About 1849.
9.9. Large slab of reddish shale, 7Á 1' X 2Á 3' standing upon its edge, lengthwise of the table, showing three remarkable tracks of Gigantitherium caudatum with tailtrace; also two or three rows of Saltator caudatus, and a single track of Tridentipes. Few shrinkage cracks. Lily Pond, Turner's Falls. 1855. Presented by Roswell Field, Esq. Page 94, Plate XLIV., fig. 4 of Ichnology, both of this and No. 9.10.
9.10. A larger slab than No. 9.9, 12Á 3' X 2Á 6', the continuation of No. 9.9, with perhaps two or three feet gone between them. Shows in front, four tracks with tailtrace of Gigantitherium caudatum, a row of seven tracks of Tridentipes uncus, one of four tracks of Platypterna varica, one of four tracks of Chelonoides incedens, a second row of five tracks of Tridentipes uncus, one track of Brontozoum Sillimanium, and shrinkage cracks. On back side, five tracks of Brontozoa. One of B. giganteum looks like a depressed track, when in fact it is in relief. The apparent depression results from the great irregularity of the surface. Described in Saner. Jour. Sci. N. S., Vol. XXI., p. 97. Ichnology, Plate XLIV., fig. 4, LVII., fig. 7.
9.11. Large thin slab of gray shale, resting edgewise upon Nos. 9.9 and 9.10, 7Á 4' X 2Á 4'. On one side in relief, there is a row of three tracks of Brontozoum minusculum , two tracks of B. exsertum, four of Grallator cuneatus, and portions of several other similar tracks.
On the other side (facing the door,) may be seen a row of three impressions of Brontozoum giganteum, a single one of the same, (two toes,) most of a track of B. divaricatum, two rows and several single tracks of Grallator cuneatus, a row of four tracks of the hind feet of Apatichnus circumagens, delicate impressions of raindrops, and a multitude of those triangular dents, which are of obvious organic origin. The upper side shows that tracks may interfere with one another without obliterating either of them. 1855. Lily Pond.
9.12. Slab of micaceous gray sandstone, 3Á X 1Á 5', showing two rows of tracks in relief of Argozoum paridigitatum. Turner's Falls.
9.13. Slab, 2Á X 1Á 10', showing two rows of Anisopus gracilis, a large number of tracks of Grammepus erismatus, and an Annelid (?) trail. About 100 tracks in all. Turner's Falls.
9.14. Slab of reddish flagging stone from Middlefield, Connecticut, 5Á X 3Á 4' [3Á 9' X 25' in 1858]. Shows in relief 48 tracks of Brontozoum Sillimanium, six of B. exsertum, three trails of Cunicularius retrahens, shrinkage cracks, and one curious ring of unknown nature. "The gem of the Cabinet because everything is so distinct." E. H. History given in Ichnology, page 68. See Plate LX. fig. 1. 1856.
9.15. Slab, 3Á 8' X 1Á 4', with two rows of two and six impressions of feet of Platypterna b varica (?) with one of a smaller species. Stride more irregular than common. Turner's Falls.
TABLE NO. 10.
10.1. Large slab, 10° X 3° 3', of gray micaceous sandstone from below Smith's Ferry, Northampton. Contains one depressed row of three tracks of Brontozoum minusculum, rows of B. validum, B. exsertum, Grallator formosus, and G. cuneatus; in all about fifty tracks. 1854. Sketched in outline, Plate XXXIII., fig. 3 of Ichnology, but some of the tracks omitted.Total number of tracks on this Table, 213.
10.2. Slab of hard gray sandstone, 3° 6' X 2° 3', from the quarries near the Hudson River in New York, of the Hamilton Group, Devonian. Shows 26 tracks or 52 impressions of the Harpagopus Hudsonius. Type of the species. Taken by E. H., from the sidewalk in Greenwich Street, New York, before 1849. See Ichnology, page 147, and Plate XLIX., fig. 6.
10.3. Gray shale, 3° X 1° 8', Containing at least fifty tracks of Anisopus gracilis, with ripplemarks. Horse Race, Gill. 1856.
10.4, 10.5. Slabs of reddish micaceous sandstone, a little more than two feet square, split apart so as to show both raised and depressed tracks. Track of Anticheiropus pilulatus, the largest of all the ichnites. Dug up early in the history of the science, but until the publication of the Supplement, regarded as a lusus. See the Supplement, page 10, and Plate IX., figs. 1 and 2. From Marsh's quarry, S. W. Montague. About 1842.
10.6. Slab of reddish shale, 10° 6' X 3° 9'. On the front or west side, one row of three tracks of Brontozoum exsertum, one track of B. tuberatum, other Brontozoa, two rows of Grallator cursorius, several rows of Platypterna varica, Anomoepus curvatus (?), two rows of Sphaerapus magnum and a long branching seaweed (?).
On back side (or relief,) one track of Brontozoum validum, a row of Platypterna varica and two delicate trails of Bisulcus undulatus, the type of the species. Supplement, Plate III., fig. 5. In all, 85 tracks. Field's Orchard, Gill. 1855.
10.7. Fragment, 3° X 2° 4', broken off from No. 10.6. Shows a row of fine tracks of an Orthodactylus, Unisulcus Marsh, numerous twigs of a coniferous plant, and an abundance of rainmarks. The same may be seen in relief won the back side of No. 10.6, whence this was split off.
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