News aggregator

What Is the Climate Innovation Gap? - PBS SciTech Now

Featured News - Thu, 04/21/2016 - 12:00
Over the last decade, federal spending on research and development as a percentage of our country’s GDP has been declining. PBS SciTech Now talks with Lamont's Peter deMenocal.

Fate of World's Coasts Rests on Melting Ice - Scientific American

Featured News - Thu, 04/21/2016 - 12:00
Lamont's Maureen Raymo talks about the value of determining the heights of prehistoric shorelines for projecting future sea level rise.

This Is How Surfers Are Helping Fund Climate Science - Climate Central

Featured News - Wed, 04/20/2016 - 12:00
The World Surf League has created a unique partnership with climate scientists at Lamont that could help the sport, the ocean and spur a new research model.

The Mad Dash to Figure Out the Fate of Peatlands - Smithsonian Magazine

Featured News - Wed, 04/20/2016 - 12:00
As the planet’s peat swamps come under threat, the destiny of their stored carbon remains a mystery. Lamont's Jonathan Nichols takes the Smithsonian on a tour of the challenge.

Ice a Surprising Heat Source on Jupiter's Europa - Cosmos Magazine

Featured News - Mon, 04/18/2016 - 16:44
Constant gravitational pressures on the icy surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa generate much more heat than previously thought, which may force a rethink about the chemistry of the liquid water ocean below the surface, says Lamont's Christine McCarthy.

Di che colore è la Groenlandia? - La Repubblica

Featured News - Sun, 04/17/2016 - 12:00
In a column appearing in Italy's La Repubblica, Lamont's Marco Tedesco discusses the darkening of Greenland and how that contributes to a cycle of melting. The column is written in Italian.

What Loss of Snowpack Means for Water Supplies - The Desert Sun

Featured News - Thu, 04/14/2016 - 10:30
Global warming will require big changes in how we management water, the Desert Sun writes. “In general, what a measure like this is telling us is that our historical reliance on snow is untenable in a future climate," said Lamont's Justin Mankin.

It’s April, and Scientists Are Already Stunned by Greenland’s Melting - Washington Post

Featured News - Wed, 04/13/2016 - 09:11
The vast Greenland ice sheet is seeing a record-breaking level of melt for so early in the season. “The potential implications, in terms of runoff and so on, they alter the memory of the snowpack, the potential implications can be big either for the same season or future seasons,” said Lamont's Marco Tedesco.

This Is How Far Sea Level Could Rise Thanks to Climate Change - BBC

Featured News - Mon, 04/11/2016 - 15:45
If climate change continues, we can expect a large rise in sea level this century, and it will only get worse in the centuries to come. The BBC talks with Lamont's Maureen Raymo.

Last Fall's Massive Icy Bay Landslide Launched a Tsunami - Alaska Dispatch

Featured News - Sat, 04/09/2016 - 12:00
A landslide last October detected in Alaska by Lamont's Colin Stark and Göran Ekström might be the biggest non-volcanic landslide recorded in North American history. It also created a wave that sheared alders more than 500 feet up the opposite hillside.

World Surf League Donates $1.5 Million for Ocean Research at Lamont - Grind TV

Featured News - Fri, 04/08/2016 - 12:00
The World Surf League just launched a non-profit, WSL PURE. It will help researchers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory study climate change and the ocean.

World Surf League Grants $1.5 Million for Ocean Science - Surfing Life

Featured News - Wed, 04/06/2016 - 09:40
The World Surf League has just launched a whole new wing of their organisation, WSL PURE. This time, it's all about giving back. The new philanthropic wing is putting $1.5 million in first-year funding into ocean science at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.

It’s Not Just Antarctica — Why Greenland Could also Melt Faster than Expected - Washington Post

Featured News - Tue, 04/05/2016 - 12:00
“More melting creates more darkening and accelerates the melting itself — a positive feedback effect,” Lamont's Marco Tedesco said.

Hudson River Lab Works to Revive New York Waterways - CU's New York Stories

Featured News - Mon, 04/04/2016 - 12:00
“You won’t open your mouth in the Hudson River, and that’s symbolic of a lot of things,” says Wade McGillis, an associate research professor at Lamont. “We want to figure out if we can restore it to a pristine system. If you don’t know what you’re doing to it, you can’t figure out ways to fix it. ”

Even in a Warming World, It Will Still Snow Somewhere - New York Times

Featured News - Sat, 04/02/2016 - 12:00
Lamont's Adam Sobel reminds readers to differentiate between weather and climate. If you really want to know what is going on with climate change, he said, look at the long-term averages over large areas. Do not be fooled by short-term weather fluctuations.

The Alarming Science Behind Projections of Much Higher Seas This Century - Washington Post

Featured News - Wed, 03/30/2016 - 15:09
Lamont's Robin Bell talks about the urgent need for Antarctic research. A recent study found that, with very high carbon emissions, melting ice from Antarctica could cause seas to rise 1.14 meters (3.74 feet), give or take 36 centimeters, by 2100 — and much more by 2500.

The End of Ice - The New Yorker

Featured News - Mon, 03/28/2016 - 12:00
The New Yorker talks to a team of scientists, including Lamont Associate Research Professor Mike Kaplan and Adjunct Associate Research Scientist Aaron Putnam, who are researching how quickly the ice in the Himalayas is melting.

Almost Home, with Another 7 Million Years of Climate History

When Oceans Leak - Fri, 03/25/2016 - 17:54
 Tim Fulton/IODP

Expedition 361’s scientists aboard the JOIDES Resolution, near the end of a successful two-month expedition. Photo: Tim Fulton/IODP

Read Sidney Hemming’s first post to learn more about the goals of her two-month research cruise off southern Africa and its focus on the Agulhas Current and collecting climate records for the past 5 million years.

We reached our last site yesterday morning, off Cape Town, South Africa, and the first core was on deck at 11:15 a.m. It was pretty stiff at the bottom, and its microfossils indicated it was more than 250,000 years at 1 meter. We decided to start again, and ended up with 6 meters in the first core of the B hole, with further indications of a very low sediment accumulation rate of approximately 1.5 cm per thousand years. The next few cores gave us troubles with shattered liners and low recovery, so Ian and I went back to the data from the alternative sites to consider moving. Luckily we decided not to, because things really started looking up.

We just completed the first hole with 300 meters of sediment and a base age of more than 7 million years, and with a quite pleasing accumulation rate below the very top part. We still don’t have quite enough information to evaluate the situation in the upper 1 million years, but it seems very clear that the rest of the site will be excellent. The sediment composition is very similar from top to bottom and very rich in carbonate (so called nannofossil ooze). The gamma ray (measures radioactivity and thus is a sensitive measure of clay) and color measurements give a very nice signal and are varying in concert with each other. The weather has gotten nicer since the beginning of the first hole, and we are hoping the conditions hold and that the sea conditions were the reason for the troubles at the beginning of our first hole. Meanwhile, we have just enough time to complete the triple coring of this site back to 7 million, with maybe enough time for logging of the final hole.

 Jens Gruetzner, Alfred-Wegener-Institut for Polar and Marine Research)

Crew members retrieve the beacon. Photo: Jens Gruetzner, Alfred-Wegener-Institut for Polar and Marine Research

So, the good fortune continues. Each site on this cruise has provided real prize material, and the team members are very eager to get started on the work back at home. We have been burning the midnight oil (or midday, depending on your shift), meeting about the various plans for post-cruise science. There remain a couple of conflicts to resolve, but overall it looks like there will be plenty of great science for each participant, and plenty of opportunities to develop career-long collaborations.

It has been a great privilege to be part of this, and it really makes you realize how powerful these huge efforts, that require the cooperation of so many countries and their scientists, are. It is a very different way of doing science, and not always convenient for the individual, but overall the benefits are huge.

Meanwhile, this is my last post for this cruise. We are less than a week from arriving at our dock in Cape Town, and there is no question that we are all quite eager to get there. The JOIDES Resolution is amazing and the (multiple) staffs of the ship company, catering service, and IODP are truly remarkable. They are friendly, professional and very eager to help us to get the best we can out of this amazing scientific discovery process.

Sidney Hemming is a geochemist and professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. She uses the records in sediments and sedimentary rocks to document aspects of Earth’s history.

 Tim Fulton/IODP

The crew and scientists of Expedition 361. Photo: Tim Fulton/IODP

Tracking Earthquakes in the New York Area - Fox News

Featured News - Thu, 03/24/2016 - 12:00
The devastation caused by earthquakes is evident all across the world, but could something like this happen in our area? Fox news talks with Jim Gaherty.

Heavy Breathing Plants Producing Less Carbon than Feared - Geographical

Featured News - Wed, 03/23/2016 - 12:00
When plants respire, they contribute a massive carbon flux to the atmosphere so their response to higher temperatures is a major concern for scientists. A new study from Lamont's Kevin Griffin finds plants might not respond to warming as thought.



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