We present here main results of the Common Depth Point (CDP) data acquired during the Valsis 2 Cruise in 1988 in the Valencia trough. The profiles are tied in with industrial well data and this correlation allows the sedimentary and structural history of the region to be deduced. The Valsis Cruise seismic profiles have been supplemented by a very dense grid of industrial seismic lines and these data permit us to establish an accurate depth to basement map.The formation of the initial grabens, coeval with those of the Gulf of Lions, is related to the Early Miocene opening of the northwestern Mediterranean basin and the Barcelona graben is filled by the same sedimentary layers, including evaporites, as that of the Provencal region. Nevertheless, the Valencia-Catalan grabens have been reactivated by young extensional tectonics which could be a consequence of the convergence of Africa relative to Europe.The Valencia trough is segmented by transfer faults which trend NW-SE. These faults, which have a more accentuated structural expression than the Valencia and Catalonia grabens, may act as transform faults separating the individual Balearic Islands. The transfer faults are in strike with volcanic ridges which have been sampled during the DSDP Leg 13.The dense seismic grid allows us to delineate several widespread volcanic features in the Valencia trough which have been active from the Early Miocene to the Pleistocene. However, we note that the volcanic features are mainly Miocene in age whereas the recent volcanism is restricted to a narrow zone (Columbretes Islands).The compressional tectonics which deformed the Balearic Islands does not appear to extend far towards the North. We delineate the compressional front north of Ibiza, but we failed to determine any thrust or fold north of Mallorca, whereas an extensional tectonics is evident.
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