Geochemistry and magmatic history of eclogues and ultramafic rocks from the Chinese continental scientific drill hole: Subduction and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism of lower crustal cumulates

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Chemical Geology
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Jan 15
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Three distinct groups of eclogites (low-Mg-Ti eclogites, high-Ti eclogites and Mg-rich eclogites) and ultramafic rocks from the depth interval of 100-680 m of the Chinese Continental Scientific Drill Hole were studied. The low Mg#s (=100*molar Mg/(Mg+Fe)) (81-84%) and low Ni(1150-1220 ppm) and high Fe2O3total (13-15 wt.%) contents of ultramafic rocks suggest a cumulate origin. Mg-rich eclogites show middle and heavy REE enrichments, which could not be produced by metamorphic growth of garnet. Instead, if the rocks formed from a light REE enriched magma, there may be an igneous precursor for some garnets in their protolith. Alternatively, perhaps they formed from a light REE depleted magma without garnet. The high-Ti eclogites are characterized by unusually high Fe2O3total contents (up to 24.5 wt.%) and decoupling of high TiO2 from low Nb and Ta contents. These features cannot be produced by concentration of rutile during UHP metamorphism (even for samples with TiO2 > 4 wt.%) of high-Ti basalts, but could be attributed to crystal fractionation of titanomagnetite (for those with TiO2 < similar to 4 wt.%) or titanomagnetite+ilmenite (for those with TiO2 > similar to 4 wt.%). Thus, we suggest that protoliths of the high-Ti eclogites were titanomagnetite/ilmenite-rich gabbroic cumulates. As a whole, the low-Mg-Ti eclogites are geochemically complementary to the high-Ti eclogites, Mg-rich eclogites and ultramafic rocks, and could be metamorphic products of gabbroic/dioritic cumulates formed by high degree crystal fractionation. All these observations suggest that parental materials of the ultramafic rock-eclogite assemblage could represent a complete sequence of fractional crystallization of tholeiitic or picritic magmas at intermediate to high pressure, which were later carried to ultrahigh-pressure conditions during a continental collision event. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.10.016