We simulate atmospheric composition changes in response to increased methane and tropospheric ozone precursor emissions from the preindustrial to present-day in a coupled chemistry-aerosol-climate model. The global annual average composition response to all emission changes is within 10% of the sum of the responses to individual emissions types, a more policy-relevant quantity. This small non-linearity between emission types permits attribution of past global mean methane and ozone radiative forcings to specific emissions despite the well-known nonlinear linear response to emissions of a single type. The emissions-based based view indicates that methane emissions have contributed a forcing of similar to0.8 - 0.9 W m(-2), nearly double the abundance-based value, while the forcing from other ozone precursors has been quite small ( similar to-0.1 for NOx, similar to0.2 for CO + VOCs).
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