A new palladate was synthesized at 100 kbar. Electron microprobe (EM) measurement gave the average composition as: Ca3.20 +/- 0.15Au0.54 +/- 0.03Pd4.00 +/- 0.16O7.86 +/- 0.28, suggesting Pd and Au are di- and tri-valent, respectively, in the formula of Ca4 - 1.5xAuxPd4O8 (x similar to 0.54). Rietveld refinement using powder X-ray diffraction data shows its tetragonal symmetry of space group P4(2)/mmc (No. 131), a = 5.8484(2) Angstrom, c = 5.5643(2) Angstrom, V = 190.32(1) Angstrom(3), and Z = 1. This phase is closely related to the bronze, CaPd3O4, and the CaPt2O4 phase. Structurally. Pd(II) and Au(III) ions are coordinated with nearly square-planar oxygens, while Ca atoms are located in nearly cubic oxygen environments. An and some Ca atoms partially occupy interstitial sites in the proto-CaPt2O4-type framework. This is a typical high-pressure effect which stabilizes the first alkaline-earth-gold-palladate oxide ever reported. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
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