A simple, fast and sensitive speciation method is described for inorganic arsenic in water at the mug/l level, applicable in the laboratory and in the field based on differential pulse cathodic stripping voltammetry (DPCSV). Only As(III) is deposited on a Hg electrode in the presence of Cu and Se in HCl medium. Determination of total As is performed by reducing As(V) to As(III) using sodium meta-bisulfite/sodium thiosulfate reagent stabilized with ascorbic acid. As(V) is quantified by difference. The detection limit (S/N > 3) was 0.5 mug/l with a linear range from 4.5 to 180 mug/l. The relative standard deviation (n = 6) was 2.4, 2.5, 4.2% for As(III) and 8.0, 6.8, 9.0% for As(V) at levels of 45, 10, and 5 mug/l, respectively. Analysis of the NIST 1640 natural water standard yielded total arsenic concentration 26.5 +/- 3.4 mug/l (n = 3) compared to the certified value of 26.7 mug/l. Results obtained on several natural water samples analyzed both in the laboratory and on-site compared well with those obtained by HR ICP-MS, GFAAS and IC-AFS. Ions (phosphate, iron, manganese) commonly found in groundwater containing arsenic were found to have negligible interference. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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