Generating interface waves using a freely falling, instrumented source

Publication Status is "Submitted" Or "In Press: 
LDEO Publication: 
Publication Type: 
Year of Publication: 
1996
Editor: 
Journal Title: 
Ieee Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Journal Date: 
Oct
Place Published: 
Tertiary Title: 
Volume: 
21
Issue: 
4
Pages: 
452-457
Section / Start page: 
Publisher: 
ISBN Number: 
0364-9059
ISSN Number: 
Edition: 
Short Title: 
Accession Number: 
ISI:A1996VU55000014
LDEO Publication Number: 
Call Number: 
Key Words: 
Abstract: 

In recent years, interface waves such as the Scholte wave have become important tools in the study of the geoacoustic properties of near-bottom seafloor sediments, Traditionally, these waves have been generated by explosive or pneumatic sources deployed at or near the seafloor and monitored by ocean-bottom seismographs or geophone arrays, While these sources generate the requisite interface waves, they also produce higher frequency compressional waves in the water and sediment that tend to contaminate the surface wave and make inversion of the data difficult in the near field, In this paper, a new source consisting of a freely falling projectile instrumented with an accelerometer is described, When the projectile impacts the bottom, the exact time history of the vertical force applied to the sediment is known and therefore may be convolved with the transfer function of a sediment geoacoustic model to produce accurate synthetic seismograms. Moreover, the vertical force applied to the seafloor is very efficient in generating surface wave motion while producing very little compressional wave energy so that the near-field signals are much more easily analyzed, An example of the use of the new source is presented including inversion of the received signals to obtain shear-wave velocity and attenuation as a function of depth in the near bottom sediments at a shallow-water site.

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Vu550Times Cited:2Cited References Count:12

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