A new elemental oxide classification scheme for crystalline rocks is developed and applied to geochemical well logs from the Cajon Pass drill hole. This classification scheme takes advantage of measurements of elements taken by a geochemical logging tool string. It uses K2O versus SiO2/Al2O3 to distinguish between granites, granodiorites, tonalites, syenites, monzonites, diorites, and gabbros. Oxide measurements from cores are used to calibrate the elemental abundances determined from the well logs. From these logs, a detailed lithologic column of the core is generated. The lithologic column derived from the well log classification scheme is compared with a lithologic column constructed from core samples and well cuttings. In the upper 1295 m of the well, agreement between the two columns is good. Discrepancies occur from 1295 to 2073 m and are believed to be caused by the occurrence of rock types not distinguished by the classification scheme and/or the occurrence of secondary minerals. Despite these discrepancies, the well log-based classification scheme helps to distinguish changes in rock type and shows potential as an aid to the construction of lithologic columns in boreholes of crystalline rocks.
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