Journal Articles

Asher, W. E., H. Liang, C. J. Zappa, M. R. Loewen, M. A. Mukto, T. M. Litchendorf, and A. T. Jessup, (2012) Staistics of surface divergence and their relation to air-water gas transfer velocity, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 117, C05035, doi:10.1029/ 2011JC007390. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., J. R. Gemmrich, R. P. Morison, H. Schultz, M. L. Banner, D. A. LeBel, and T. Dickey, (2012) An overview of sea state conditions and air-sea fluxes during RaDyO, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 117, C00H19, doi:10.1029/2011JC007336. [PDF]

Dickey, T., M.-C. Alboussiere, M. Banner, P. Bhandari, T. Boyd, L. Carvalho, G. Chang, Y. Chao, M. Cimono, H. Czerski, M. Darecki, C. Dong, D. Farmer, E. Firing, S. Freeman, J. Gemmrich, P. Gernez, , N. Hall-Patch, B. Holt, J. Hummon,  S. Jiang, C. Jones, G. Kattawar, D. LeBel, L. Lenain, M. Lewis, Y. Liu, L. Logan, D. Manov, K. Melville, M. Moline, R. Morison, F. Nencioli, S. Pegau, B. Reineman, I. Robbins, R. Röttgers, H. Schultz, D. Siegel, L. Shen, M. Shinki, M. Slivkoff, M. Sokólski, P. Sutherland, F. Spada, N. Statom, D. Stramski, M. Twardowski, S. Vagle, R. Van Dommelen, K. Voss, L. Washburn, J. Wei, H. Wijesekera, O. Wurl, S. Yildiz, Y. You, D. Yue, R. Zaneveld, and C. J. Zappa, (2012). Introduction to special section on Recent advances in the study of optical variability in the near-surface and upper ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 117, C00H20, doi:10.1029/2012JC007964. [PDF]

Raymond, P. A., C. J. Zappa, D. Butman, T. L. Bott, J. Potter, P. Mulholland, A. E. Laursen, W. H. McDowell, and Denis Newbold (2012). Scaling the gas transfer velocity and hydraulic geometry in streams and small rivers. Limnology and Oceanography – Fluids and Environment, 2, doi:10.1215/21573689-1597669, 41–53. [PDF]

Moore, T. S., M. D. DeGrandpre, C. L. Sabine, C. J. Zappa, W. R. McGillis, R. C. Hamme, R. A. Feely, and W. M. Drennan, (2011). Sea surface pCO2 and O2 in the Southern Ocean during the Austral Fall, 2008. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 116, C00F11, doi:10.1029/2010JC006560. [PDF]

You, Y., G. W. Kattawar, K. J. Voss, P. Bhandari, J. Wei, M. Lewis, C. J. Zappa, and H. Schultz, (2011) Polarized light field under dynamic ocean surfaces: Numerical modeling compared with measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 116, C00H05, doi:10.1029/2011JC007278. [PDF]

Edson, J. B. , C. W. Fairall, L. Bariteau, C. J. Zappa, A. Cifuentes-Lorenzen, W. R.  McGillis, S. Pezoa, J. E. Hare, and D. Helmig, (2011) Direct covariance measurement of CO2 gas transfer velocity during the 2008 Southern Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment: Wind speed dependency, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 116, C00F10, doi:10.1029/2011JC007022. [PDF]

Lauvset, S. K., W. R. McGillis, L. Bariteau, C. W. Fairall, T. Johannessen, A. Olsen, and C.J. Zappa, (2011), Direct measurements of CO2 flux in the Greenland Sea, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L12603, doi:10.1029/2011GL047722. [PDF]

Turk, D., C. J. Zappa, C. S. Meinen, J. Christian, D.T. Ho, A. G. Dickson, W. R. McGillis, (2010). Rain impacts on CO2 exchange in the western equatorial Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters37, L23610, doi:10.1029/2010GL045520. [PDF]

Orton, P. M., C. J. Zappa, W. R. McGillis, (2010). An autonomous self-orienting catamaran (SOCa) for measuring air-water fluxes and forcing, Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, edited by S. Komori and W.R. McGillis, Kyoto University Press, submitted. [PDF]

Orton, P. M., C. J. Zappa, and W. R. McGillis, (2010). Tidal and atmospheric influences on the near-surface turbulence in an estuary. Journal of Geophysical Research, in revision. [PDF]

Cassano, J. J., J. A. Maslanik, C. J. Zappa, A. L. Gordon, R. I. Cullather, and S. L. Knuth (2010), Observations of an Antarctic polynya with unmanned aircraft systems, Eos91(28), 245–246. [PDF]

Orton, P. M., W. R. McGillis, and C. J. Zappa(2010), Sea breeze forcing of estuary turbulence and air-water CO2 exchange, Geophys. Res. Lett.,37(L13603), doi:10.1029/2010GL043159. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., D.T. Ho, W.R. McGillis, M. L. Banner, J. W. H. Dacey, L. F. Bliven, B. Ma, and J. Nystuen (2009). Rain-induced turbulence and air-sea gas transfer. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C07009, doi:10.1029/2008JC005008. [PDF]

Jessup, A. T., W. E. Asher, M. Atmane, K. Phadnis, C. J. Zappa, M. R. Loewen (2009). Evidence for complete and partial surface renewal at an air-water interface. Geophysical Research Letters36, L16601, doi:10.1029/2009GL038986. [PDF]

Wells, A. J., C. Cenedese, J. T. Farrar, and C. J. Zappa, (2009), Variations in ocean surface temperature due to near surface flow: Straining the cool skin layer. Journal of Physical Oceanography39 (11), 2685­–2710. [PDF]

Moore, T. S., M. D. DeGrandpre, C. L. Sabine, C. J. Zappa, W. R. McGillis, R. C. Hamme, R. A. Feely, and W. M. Drennan, (2011). Sea surface integrated pCO2 and O2 in the Southern Ocean during the Austral Fall, 2008. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans116, C00F11,doi:10.1029/2010JC006560. [PDF]

***Article received special recognition as “Featured Article.”***
Zappa, C. J., M. L. Banner, H. J. Schultz, A. Corrada-Emmanuel, L. B. Wolff, & J. Yalcin (2008), Retrieval of short ocean wave slope using polarimetric imaging, Measurement Science and Technology, 19 (055503), doi:10.1088/0957-0233/19/5/055503. [PDF]

Zappa, C.J., W. R. McGillis, P. A. Raymond, J. B. Edson, E. J. Hintsa, H. J.Zemmelink, J. W. H. Dacey, and D. T. Ho (2007), Environmental turbulent mixing controls on air-water gas exchange in marine and aquatic systems . Geophysical Research Letters34 (L10601), doi:10.1029/ 2006GL028790. [PDF]

Farrar, J. T., C. J. Zappa, R.A. Weller, and A. T. Jessup (2007), Sea surface temperature signatures of oceanic internal waves in low winds. Journal of Geophysical Research112 (C06014), doi:10.1029/2006JC003947. [PDF]

Edson, J. B., T. Crawford, J. Crescenti, J. T. Farrar, N. Frew, G. Gerbi, C. Helmis, T. Hristov, D. Khelif, A. Jessup, H. Jonsson, M. Li, L. Mahrt, W. R. McGillis, A. Plueddemann, L. Shen, E. Skyllingstad, T. Stanton, P. Sullivan, J. Sun, J. Trowbridge, D. Vickers, S. Wang, Q. Wang, R. Weller, J. Wilkin, D. Yue, and C. J. Zappa (2007),  The Coupled Boundary Layers and Air-Sea Transfer Experiment in Low Winds (CBLAST-LOW). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88 (3), 341-356, doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-3-341. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., and A. T. Jessup (2005), High resolution airborne infrared measurements of ocean skin temperature, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2 (2), doi:10.1109/LGRS.2004.841629. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., W. E. Asher, A. T. Jessup, J. Klinke, and S. R. Long (2004), Microbreaking and the enhancement of air-water transfer velocity, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C08S16), doi:10.1029/2003JC001897. [PDF]

Edson, J. B., C. J., Zappa, J. Ware, W. R. McGillis, and J.E. Hare (2004), Scalar flux profile relationships over the open ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C08S09), doi:10.1029/2003JC001960. [PDF]

McGillis, W. R., J. B. Edson, C. J. Zappa, J. D. Ware, S. P. McKenna, E. A. Terray, J. E. Hare, C. W. Fairall, W. Drennan, M. Donelan, M. D. DeGrandpre, R. Wanninkhof, and R. A. Feely (2004), Air-sea CO2 exchange in the equatorial Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C08S02), doi:10.1029/2003JC002256. [PDF]

Ho, D. T., C. J. Zappa, W. R. McGillis, L. F. Bliven, B. Ward, J. W. H. Dacey, P. Schlosser, and M.B. Hendricks (2004), Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange: Lessons from a model ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C08S18), doi:10.1029/2003JC001806. [PDF]

Hintsa, E. J., J. W. H. Dacey, W. R. McGillis, J. B. Edson, C. J. Zappa, and H. J. Zemmelink (2004), Sea-to-air fluxes from measurements of the atmospheric gradient of dimethylsulfide and comparison with simultaneous relaxed eddy accumulation measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 C01026, doi:10.1029/2002JC001617. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., P. A. Raymond, E. Terray, and W. R. McGillis (2003), Variation in surface turbulence and the gas transfer velocity over a tidal cycle in a macro-tidal estuary, Estuaries, 26 (6), 1401-1415. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., W. E. Asher, and A. T. Jessup (2001), Microscale wave breaking and air–water gas transfer, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106 (5), 9385-9391. [PDF]

Zappa, C. J., A. T. Jessup, and H. H. Yeh (1998), Skin-layer recovery of free-surface wakes: Relationship to surface renewal and dependence on heat flux and background turbulence, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (C10), 21711–21722. [PDF]

Jessup, A. T., C. J. Zappa, M. R. Loewen, and V. Hesany (1997), Infrared remote sensing of breaking waves, Nature, 385 (6611), 52-55. [PDF]

Jessup, A. T., C. J. Zappa, and H. Yeh (1997), Defining and quantifying microscale wave breaking with infrared imagery, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (C10), 23145–23154. [PDF]

Refereed Book Sections

McGillis, W. R., J. W. H. Dacey, J. D. Ware, D. T. Ho, J. T. Bent, W. E. Asher, C.J. Zappa, P. A. Raymond, R. Wanninkhof, and S. Komori, Air-water flux reconciliation between the atmospheric CO2 profile and mass balance techniques, In "Transport at the Air Sea Interface - Measurements, Models and Parameterizations", (eds. Garbe, C.S., Handler, R.A., Jähne, B.), pp 181-192, Springer Verlag, 2007.

de Leeuw, G., M. Moerman, C.J. Zappa, W.R. McGillis, S. Norris, and M. Smith, Eddy correlation measurements of sea spray aerosol fluxes, In "Transport at the Air Sea Interface - Measurements, Models and Parameterizations", (eds. Garbe, C.S., Handler, R.A., Jähne, B.), pp 297-311, Springer Verlag, 2007.

Zappa, C.J., W.E. Asher, A.T. Jessup, J. Klinke, and S.R. Long, Effect of microscale wave breaking on air-water gas transfer, Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, edited by M. A. Donelan, W. M. Drennan, E. S. Saltzman and R. Wanninkhof, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 127, AGU Press, pp. 23-29, 2001.

Zappa, C.J., W.E. Asher, and A.T. Jessup, Correlating microscale wave breaking with gas transfer for cleaned and surfactant-influenced water surfaces. The Wind-Driven Air-Sea Interface: Electromagnetic and Acoustic Sensing, Wave Dynamics, and Turbulent Fluxes, edited by M. L. Banner, pp. 357-358, 1999.

Jessup, A.T., C.J. Zappa, V. Hesany, M.R. Loewen, and M.G. Skafel, Dependence of the skin layer recovery rate on heat flux and turbulence, Air-Water Gas Transfer, edited by B. Jähne, and E. C. Monahan, AEON Verlag & Studio, Hanau, pp. 601-610, 1995.