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Lamont Associate Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
103C Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
(845) 365-8689
(845) 365-8157


Fields of interest: 
Analyses of climate fields based on historical, instrumental and paleoclimatic data; El Nino and Southern Oscillation; ocean data assimilation; statistical studies of climate variability from observations and models

I work in the Climate Modeling Group which is part of the LDEO Division of Ocean and Climate Physics. My research is on climate variability, predictability, and prediction, and on methods to study such things. It involves historical climate analyses, paleoclimatic reconstructions, data assimilation, and studies of error dynamics in the ocean and coupled climate models.

List of degrees from highest to lowest:
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering
Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia
B.S. (honors), Applied Mathematics
Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia
Honors & Awards: 
6th Excellence in Mentoring Award, LDEO, 2009
Editors' Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, AGU, 2005

Lamont Projects:

Selected Publications:

On the fidelity of shell-derived δ18Oseawater estimates Arbuszewski, J.A.; deMenocal, P.; Kaplan, A.; Farmer, E.C. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Volume: 300 Issue: 3-4 p.: 185-196 (2010)
Evaluating climate variability and change from modern and historical SST observations Rayner, N A; Kaplan, A; Kent, E C; Reynolds, R W; Brohan, P; Casey, K S; Kennedy, J J; Woodru ff, S D; Smith, T M; Donlon, C; Breivik, L A; Eastwood, S; Ishii, M; Brandon, T (2009)
The evolution of the equatorial Pacific zonal SST gradient during the twentieth century Karnauskas, K B; Seager, R; Kaplan, A; Kushnir, Y; Cane, M A J Climate Volume: 22 Issue: 16 p.: 4316-4321 (2009)
Interdecadal-decadal climate variability from multicoral oxygen isotope records in the South Pacific Convergence Zone region since 1650 A.D. Linsley, B. K.; Zhang, P. P.; Kaplan, A.; Howe, S. S.; Wellington, G. M. Paleoceanography Jun 20 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 p.: - (2008) Doi 10.1029/2007pa001539
An 8-century tropical Atlantic SST record from the Cariaco Basin: Baseline variability, twentieth-century warming, and Atlantic hurricane frequency Black, D. E.; Abahazi, M. A.; Thunell, R. C.; Kaplan, A.; Tappa, E. J.; Peterson, L. C. Paleoceanography Oct 25 Volume: 22 Issue: 4 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2007pa001427
Corroborating ecological depth preferences of planktonic foraminifera in the tropical Atlantic with the stable oxygen isotope ratios of core top specimens Farmer, E. C.; Kaplan, A.; deMenocal, P. B.; Lynch-Stieglitz, J. Paleoceanography Aug 1 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006pa001361
The degree of anisotropy for mid-ocean currents from satellite observations and an eddy-permitting model simulation Huang, H. P.; Kaplan, A.; Curchitser, E. N.; Maximenko, N. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Sep 12 Volume: 112 Issue: C9 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2007jc004105
El Nino as a mediator of the solar influence on climate Emile-Geay, J.; Cane, M.; Seager, R.; Kaplan, A.; Almasi, P. Paleoceanography Aug 8 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006pa001304
Comments on "Testing the Fidelity of Methods Used in Proxy-Based Reconstructions of Past Climate": The role of the standardization interval Smerdon, J. E.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Climate Nov 15 Volume: 20 Issue: 22 p.: 5666-5670 (2007) Doi 10.1175/2007jcli1794.1
The effects of sea-ice and land-snow concentrations on planetary albedo from the earth radiation budget experiment Gorodetskaya, I. V.; Came, M. A.; Tremblay, L. B.; Kaplan, A. Atmosphere-Ocean Jun Volume: 44 Issue: 2 p.: 195-205 (2006)
A forward modeling approach to paleoclimatic interpretation of tree-ring data Evans, M. N.; Reichert, B. K.; Kaplan, A.; Anchukaitis, K. J.; Vaganov, E. A.; Hughes, M. K.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences Aug 10 Volume: 111 Issue: G3 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2006jg000166
Forward modeling of regional scale tree-ring patterns in the southeastern United States and the recent influence of summer drought Anchukaitis, K. J.; Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Vaganov, E. A.; Hughes, M. K.; Grissino-Mayer, H. D.; Cane, M. A. Geophysical Research Letters Feb 21 Volume: 33 Issue: 4 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2005gl025050
Predictability loss in an intermediate ENSO model due to initial error and atmospheric noise Karspeck, A. R.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Aug Volume: 19 Issue: 15 p.: 3572-3588 (2006)
Toward estimating climatic trends in SST. Part III: Systematic biases Kent, E. C.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Mar Volume: 23 Issue: 3 p.: 487-500 (2006)
Tracking the extent of the South Pacific Convergence Zone since the early 1600s Linsley, B. K.; Kaplan, A.; Gouriou, Y.; Salinger, J.; deMenocal, P. B.; Wellington, G. M.; Howe, S. S. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems May 3 Volume: 7 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2005gc001115
Multi-scale modeling of the North Pacific Ocean: Assessment and analysis of simulated basin-scale variability (1996-2003) Curchitser, E. N.; Haidvogel, D. B.; Hermann, A. J.; Dobbins, E. L.; Powell, T. M.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Nov 30 Volume: 110 Issue: C11 p.: - (2005) Doi 10.1029/2005jc002902
Radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years BP based on paired Th-230/U-234/U-238 and C-14 dates on pristine corals Fairbanks, R. G.; Mortlock, R. A.; Chiu, T. C.; Cao, L.; Kaplan, A.; Guilderson, T. P.; Fairbanks, T. W.; Bloom, A. L.; Grootes, P. M.; Nadeau, M. J. Quaternary Science Reviews Sep Volume: 24 Issue: 16-17 p.: 1781-1796 (2005) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.04.007
The relationship between tibetan snow depth, ENSO, river discharge and the monsoons of Bangladesh Shaman, J.; Cane, M.; Kaplan, A. International Journal of Remote Sensing Sep 10 Volume: 26 Issue: 17 p.: 3735-3748 (2005) Doi 10.1080/01431160500185599
A 2000-year record of Caribbean and tropical North Atlantic hydrographic variability Black, D. E.; Thunell, R. C.; Kaplan, A.; Peterson, L. C.; Tappa, E. J. Paleoceanography Jun 23 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2003pa000982
Predictability of El Nino over the past 148 years Chen, D.; Cane, M. A.; Kaplan, A.; Zebiak, S. E.; Huang, D. J. Nature Apr 15 Volume: 428 p.: 733-736 (2004) Doi 10.1038/Nature02439
Small-scale variability and model error in tropical Pacific sea level Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Chen, D.; Witter, D. L.; Cheney, R. E. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Feb 4 Volume: 109 Issue: C2 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2002jc001743
Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century Rayner, N. A.; Parker, D. E.; Horton, E. B.; Folland, C. K.; Alexander, L. V.; Rowell, D. P.; Kent, E. C.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres Jul 17 Volume: 108 Issue: D14 p.: - (2003) Doi 10.1029/2002jd002670
Reduced space approach to the optimal analysis interpolation of historical marine observations: Accomplishments, difficulties, and prospects Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y. Advances in the Applications of Marine Climatology p.: 199-216 (2003)
Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Middle Eastern climate and streamflow Cullen, H. M.; Kaplan, A.; Arkin, P. A.; deMenocal, P. B. Climatic Change Nov Volume: 55 Issue: 3 p.: 315-338 (2002)
Pacific sea surface temperature field reconstruction from coral delta O-18 data using reduced space objective analysis Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Feb Volume: 17 Issue: 1 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2000pa000590
Support for tropically-driven Pacific decadal variability based on paleoproxy evidence Evans, M. N.; Cane, M. A.; Schrag, D. P.; Kaplan, A.; Linsley, B. K.; Villalba, R.; Wellington, G. M. Geophysical Research Letters Oct 1 Volume: 28 Issue: 19 p.: 3689-3692 (2001)
Use of data assimilation via linear low-order models for the initialization of El Nino Southern Oscillation predictions Canizares, R.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Chen, D.; Zebiak, S. E. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Dec 15 Volume: 106 Issue: C12 p.: 30947-30959 (2001)
Bias correction of an ocean-atmosphere coupled model Chen, D.; Cane, C. M.; Zebiak, S. E.; Canizares, R.; Kaplan, A. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 15 Volume: 27 Issue: 16 p.: 2585-2588 (2000)
Intercomparison of coral oxygen isotope data and historical sea surface temperature (SST): Potential for coral-based SST field reconstructions Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Oct Volume: 15 Issue: 5 p.: 551-563 (2000)
Reduced space optimal interpolation of historical marine sea level pressure: 1854-1992 Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Aug 15 Volume: 13 Issue: 16 p.: 2987-3002 (2000)
Eight centuries of North Atlantic Ocean atmosphere variability Black, D. E.; Peterson, L. C.; Overpeck, J. T.; Kaplan, A.; Evans, M. N.; Kashgarian, M. Science Nov 26 Volume: 286 Issue: 5445 p.: 1709-1713 (1999)
Analyses of global sea surface temperature 1856-1991 Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Clement, A. C.; Blumenthal, M. B.; Rajagopalan, B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 15 Volume: 103 Issue: C9 p.: 18567-18589 (1998)
The impact of sea level data assimilation on the Lament model prediction of the 1997/98 El Nino Chen, D. K.; Cane, M. A.; Zebiak, S. E.; Kaplan, A. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 1 Volume: 25 Issue: 15 p.: 2837-2840 (1998)
Optimal sites for coral-based reconstruction of global sea surface temperature Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Oct Volume: 13 Issue: 5 p.: 502-516 (1998)
Reduced space optimal analysis for historical data sets: 136 years of Atlantic sea surface temperatures Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A.; Blumenthal, M. B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Dec 15 Volume: 102 Issue: C13 p.: 27835-27860 (1997)
Twentieth-century sea surface temperature trends Cane, M. A.; Clement, A. C.; Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Pozdnyakov, D.; Seager, R.; Zebiak, S. E.; Murtugudde, R. Science Feb 14 Volume: 275 Issue: 5302 p.: 957-960 (1997)
Mapping tropical Pacific sea level: Data assimilation via a reduced state space Kalman filter Cane, M. A.; Kaplan, A.; Miller, R. N.; Tang, B. Y.; Hackert, E. C.; Busalacchi, A. J. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Oct 15 Volume: 101 Issue: C10 p.: 22599-22617 (1996)
Sea level from temperature profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean, 1975-1982 Reverdin, G.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 15 Volume: 101 Issue: C8 p.: 18105-18119 (1996)