ncb

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Professor
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Seismology Geology and Tectonophysics
215A Seismology
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
Phone: 
(845) 365-8180
Fax: 
(845) 365-8150

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Fields of interest: 
Sedimentary Geology and Tectonics

Early Years

My introduction to the world of geology began as little more than a passing fancy and a love of the great outdoors. When I showed up at the University of Cambridge in 1971 it was with every intention of studying physics. A spring field trip to the Scottish island of Arran soon led to a re-evaluation of priorities, but for largely visceral reasons rather than through any appreciation for the societal relevance of Earth science or whether I might be able to make a living as a geologist. A single job interview, with Consolidated Goldfields towards the end of 1973, and during my final year at Cambridge, went badly. I miscalculated how long it would take to ride “the tube” (subway) from the Chinese Exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts to the company’s London office, and I do not think that I displayed much enthusiasm for moving to South Africa or for working underground.

My decision a couple of months later to undertake a Ph.D. on Proterozoic glaciation was equally fateful – a byproduct of weekly “supervisions” (one on one discussions) with Brian Harland at Caius College, two conferences that I attended as an undergraduate, Dan McKenzie’s glowing endorsement of U.S. science over tea at Madingly Rise, an enthusiastic letter from John Crowell offering admission and a teaching assistantship at the University of California, Santa Barbara (my #1 choice), and the unexpected end of a personal relationship that might have provided a rationale for remaining in the U.K.

The Neoproterozoic Era proved to be a fertile research target – for its climatic extremes, as a threshold in the history of life, and for concomitant changes in sea level and the chemistry of the oceans and atmosphere. My research with students and collaborators over the years has touched on many aspects of this geology: its stratigraphy and sedimentology, paleobiology, paleomagnetics and isotope geochemistry, and in Australia, India and China as well as the western U.S., where I undertook my Ph.D. project.

My broader interests in sedimentary geology and tectonics were stimulated by three years with Exxon in the early 1980s. Exxon was then at the center of a conceptual revolution, in which it was recognized that the best way to study sediments is with reference to their three-dimensional stratal geometry and the manner in which they accumulate layer by layer (sequence stratigraphy). This experience led to a second very fruitful research effort, in a range of geological settings, and with a focus on how sedimentation responds to a combination of sea-level change, deformation and other phenomena.

A third area of research, in extensional tectonics, also has its roots in geological mapping in the Cordilleran orogen and Basin and Range Province undertaken as part of my Ph.D. study. However, I credit a late-night conversation with my colleague, Mark Anders in 1992 for an intellectual journey that we have taken together on the paradox of low-angle normal faulting.
 

Character, Timing and Origins of the Late Neoproterozoic Shuram-Wonoka Carbon Isotope Excursion and Associated Paleocanyons in South Australia– New research is under way in the Neoproterozoic, with particular reference to the character, timing and origins of the enigmatic Shuram-Wonoka carbon isotope excursion in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia. The project is being undertaken by Sarah M. Giles for her Ph.D. (2018-2023). Research in June-August, 2019 focused on the origin of kilometer-deep buried canyons with which the isotopic anomaly is intimately associated; and pilot sampling of carbonate rocks to test competing explanations for observed isotopic variations, and of sandstones for U-Pb detrital zircon geochronology and 40Ar/39Ar glauconite geochronology bracketing both the excursion and the paleocanyon level.

Testing the Extensional Detachment Paradigm: A Borehole Observatory in the Sevier Desert Basin. – I am lead proponent for an International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) initiative to test the extensional detachment paradigm in the Sevier Desert basin, Utah. A priority in 2019-20, in conjunction with Prof. M. Beatrice Magnani at Southern Methodist University, is to seek funds to acquire geophysical data to evaluate the character of the sub-Tertiary contact, and to provide 3–D context for a coring project at the ARCO Hole-in-Rock #1 well.

We continue to work at several other locations in the Basin and Range Province: the Death Valley region of eastern California; adjacent parts of Nevada, Arizona and Utah; and southeastern Idaho.

Geochronologic Tests of Scottish Caledonide Tectonics​. – As an outgrowth of an ACS-PRF project (2015-2018) to identify the source of the late Silurian–Devonian Old Red Sandstone of Scotland using 40Ar/39Ar mica geochronology, we are seeking new funds to re-evaluate competing interpretations of the tectonic assembly of the Grampian and Midland Valley terranes and superimposed successor basin using a combination of geochronological and geochemical approaches in a field-based context. The project is being spearheaded by Michael J. DeLuca as part of his Ph.D. research (2016-2020).

Stratigraphic Response to Deformation and Sea-Level Change in the Gulf of Suez, Egypt. – The Gulf of Suez, Egypt provides a unique opportunity for evaluating how sedimentation responds to crustal deformation and sea-level change in a setting in which both are known to have been important. A project currently under way in collaboration with Ph.D. student, Raed Badr and Dr Ahmed El-Barkooky at the University of Cairo involves physical stratigraphic and structural mapping, sedimentology, Sr isotopic dating, and biostratigraphy to investigate how patterns of sedimentation and erosion relate to the propagation of faults and growth of folds, the tilting of fault blocks, and independently quantified sea-level change during the early Miocene.
 

I have learned over the years that a good way to frame any research is to challenge conventional thinking, and to focus upon topics on which there is lively disagreement, because the goal of any project is surely to discover something new and not merely to describe another example of an already well understood phenomenon. Potential students have long been invited to place their email inquiries in the context of one or more general issues or hypotheses or questions of this kind, and the strategies that might be employed to tackle whatever they suggest. Few have seen fit to follow this advice.

Google Scholar profile: http://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=vD6gJnEAAAAJ

Education
List of degrees from highest to lowest:
Ph.D. (Geology)
University of California, Santa Barbara
1979
B.A. (Natural Sciences/Geology)
University of Cambridge (King's College), UK
1974
Honors & Awards: 
Dr Vikram Sarabhai Chair of the Indian National Science Academy (a speaking tour of Indian universities in February, 2020).
Distinguished Alumnus Award, Dept. of Earth Science, UC Santa Barbara, 2005.
2003 Outstanding Paper in the Journal of Sedimentary Research. Awarded in 2005.
Best Teacher Award, selected by DEES undergraduate students, 2010; and by graduate students in 2008 and 1996.

Lamont Projects:

Lamont/DEES Student List: 
A complete list of former students is included in my CV, which may be downloaded at: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~ncb/

Referenced in the Following News Items:

Selected Publications:

Tectonically controlled nearshore deposition: Cozzette Sandstone, Book Cliffs, Colorado, U.S.A. Madof, A.S.; Christie-Blick, N.; Anders, M.H. Journal of Sedimentary Research 05/2015 Volume: 85 p.: 459-488 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.2110/jsr.2015.26
Cominco American Well: Implications for the Reconstruction of the Sevier Orogen and Basin and Range Extension in West-Central Utah Anders, M.H.; Christie-Blick, N.; Malinverno, A. American Journal of Science 05/2012 Volume: 312 p.: 508-533 (2012) 10.2475/05.2012.02
Condensation origin for Neoproterozoic cap carbonates during deglaciation Kennedy, M.J.; and Christie-Blick, N. Condensation origin for Neoproterozoic cap carbonates during deglaciation 04/2011 Volume: 39 p.: 319-322 (2011)
Testing the extensional detachment paradigm: A borehole observatory in the Sevier Desert basin Christie-Blick, N.; Anders, M.H.; Manatschal, G.; Wernicke, B.P. Scientific Drilling Issue: No. 8 p.: 57-59 (2009)
Stratigraphic controls on a salt-withdrawal intraslope minibasin, north-central Green Canyon, Gulf of Mexico: Implications for misinterpreting sea level change Madof, A.S.; Christie-Blick, N.; Anders, M.H. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin Volume: 93 p.: 535-561 (2009)
Re-evaluation of the middle Miocene Eagle Mountain Formation and its significance as a piercing point for the interpretation of extreme extension across the Death Valley region, California, U.S.A. Renik, B.; Christie-Blick, N.; Troxel, B. W.; Wright, L. A.; Niemi, N. A. Journal of Sedimentary Research Mar-Apr Volume: 78 Issue: 3-4 p.: 199-219 (2008) Doi 10.2110/Jsr.2008.022
Resolving apparent conflicts between oceanographic and Antarctic climate records and evidence for a decrease in pCO(2) during the Oligocene through early Miocene (34-16 Ma) Pekar, S. F.; Christie-Blick, N. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology Apr 7 Volume: 260 Issue: 1-2 p.: 41-49 (2008) DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.08.019
Carbon isotope variability across the Ediacaran Yangtze platform in South China: Implications for a large surface-to-deep ocean delta C-13 gradient Jiang, G. Q.; Kaufman, A. J.; Christie-Blick, N.; Zhang, S. H.; Wu, H. C. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Sep 15 Volume: 261 Issue: 1-2 p.: 303-320 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.009
Is there a role for sequence stratigraphy in chronostratigraphy? Christie-Blick, N.; Pekar, S. F.; Madof, A. S. Stratigraphy Volume: 4 Issue: 2-3 p.: 217-229 (2007)
Observations from the Basin and Range Province (western United States) pertinent to the interpretation of regional detachment faults Christie-Blick, N.; Anders, M.H.; Wills, S.; Walker, C.D.; Renik, B. Imaging, Mapping and Modelling Continental Lithosphere Extension and Breakup: Geological Society of London, Special Publication 282 p.: 419-439 (2007)
The Ediacaran Period: a new addition to the geologic time scale Knoll, A. H.; Walter, M. R.; Narbonne, G. M.; Christie-Blick, N. Lethaia Mar Volume: 39 Issue: 1 p.: 13-30 (2006) Doi 10.1080/00241160500409223
Stable isotope record of the terminal Neoproterozoic Krol platform in the Lesser Himalayas of northern India Kaufman, A. J.; Jiang, G. Q.; Christie-Blick, N.; Banerjee, D. M.; Rai, V. Precambrian Research Jun 10 Volume: 147 Issue: 1-2 p.: 156-185 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.precamres.2006.02.007
Stratigraphy, sedimentary structures, and textures of the late neoproterozoic doushantuo cap carbonate in south China Jiang, G. Q.; Kennedy, M. J.; Christie-Blick, N.; Wu, H. C.; Zhang, S. H. Journal of Sedimentary Research Jul-Aug Volume: 76 Issue: 7-8 p.: 978-995 (2006) Doi 10.2110/Jsr.2006.086
Pattern of mesozoic thrust surfaces and tertiary normal faults in the Sevier Desert subsurface, west-central Utah Wills, S.; Anders, M. H.; Christie-Blick, N. American Journal of Science Jan Volume: 305 Issue: 1 p.: 42-100 (2005)
The phanerozoic record of global sea-level change Miller, K. G.; Kominz, M. A.; Browning, J. V.; Wright, J. D.; Mountain, G. S.; Katz, M. E.; Sugarman, P. J.; Cramer, B. S.; Christie-Blick, N.; Pekar, S. F. Science Nov 25 Volume: 310 Issue: 5752 p.: 1293-1298 (2005) DOI 10.1126/science.1116412
A new period for the geologic time scale Knoll, A. H.; Walter, M. R.; Narbonne, G. M.; Christie-Blick, N. Science Jul 30 Volume: 305 Issue: 5684 p.: 621-622 (2004)
Carbonate platform growth and cyclicity at a terminal Proterozoic passive margin, Infra Krol Formation and Krol Group, Lesser Himalaya, India Jiang, G. Q.; Christie-Blick, N.; Kaufman, A. J.; Banerjee, D. M.; Rai, V. Sedimentology Oct Volume: 50 Issue: 5 p.: 921-952 (2003) DOI 10.1046/j.1365-3091.2003.00589.x
Neoproterozoic stratigraphic comparison of the Lesser Himalaya (India) and Yangtze block (south China): Paleogeographic implications Jiang, G. Q.; Sohl, L. E.; Christie-Blick, N. Geology Oct Volume: 31 Issue: 10 p.: 917-920 (2003)
Quantitative constraints on the origin of stratigraphic architecture at passive continental margins: Oligocene sedimentation in New Jersey, USA Pekar, S. F.; Christie-Blick, N.; Miller, K. G.; Kominz, M. A. Journal of Sedimentary Research Mar Volume: 73 Issue: 2 p.: 227-245 (2003)
Stable isotopic evidence for methane seeps in Neoproterozoic postglacial cap carbonates Jiang, G. Q.; Kennedy, M. J.; Christie-Blick, N. Nature 12/2003 Volume: 426 Issue: 6968 p.: 822-826 (2003) Doi 10.1038/Nature02201
Isotopic and sequence stratigraphic constraints on the duration of Neoproterozoic cap carbonate deposition Kennedy, M. J.; Christie-Blick, N. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Aug Volume: 66 Issue: 15A p.: A394-A394 (2002)
Sequence stratigraphy of the neoproterozoic Infra Krol Formation and Krol Group, Lesser Himalaya, India Jiang, G. Q.; Christie-Blick, N.; Kaufman, A. J.; Banerjee, D. M.; Rai, V. Journal of Sedimentary Research Jul Volume: 72 Issue: 4 p.: 524-542 (2002)
Carbon isotopic composition of Neoproterozoic glacial carbonates as a test of paleoceanographic models for snowball Earth phenomena Kennedy, M. J.; Christie-Blick, N.; Prave, A. R. Geology Dec Volume: 29 Issue: 12 p.: 1135-1138 (2001)
Detrital zircon provenance of Mesoproterozoic to Cambrian arenites in the western United States and northwestern Mexico Stewart, J. H.; Gehrels, G. E.; Barth, A. P.; Link, P. K.; Christie-Blick, N.; Wrucke, C. T. Geological Society of America Bulletin Oct Volume: 113 Issue: 10 p.: 1343-1356 (2001)
Discussion on mantle plume uplift in the sedimentary record: origin of kilometre-deep canyons within late Neoproterozoic successions, South Australia Christie-Blick, N.; Williams, G. E.; Gostin, V. A. Journal of the Geological Society May Volume: 158 p.: 573-576 (2001)
Rock deformation studies in the Mineral Mountains and Sevier Desert of west-central Utah: Implications for upper crustal low-angle normal faulting Anders, M. H.; Christie-Blick, N.; Wills, S.; Krueger, S. W. Geological Society of America Bulletin Jul Volume: 113 Issue: 7 p.: 895-907 (2001)
Are Proterozoic cap carbonates and isotopic excursions a record of gas hydrate destabilization following Earth's coldest intervals? Kennedy, M. J.; Christie-Blick, N.; Sohl, L. E. Geology May Volume: 29 p.: 443-446 (2001)
Paleomagnetic polarity reversals in Marinoan (ca. 600 Ma) glacial deposits of Australia: Implications for the duration of low-latitude glaciation in neoproterozoic time Sohl, L. E.; Christie-Blick, N.; Kent, D. V. Geological Society of America Bulletin Aug Volume: 111 Issue: 8 p.: 1120-1139 (1999)
Sequence Stratigraphy Christie-Blick, N.; Driscoll, N. W. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences Volume: 23 p.: 451-478 (1995)
Sequence Stratigraphy and the Interpretation of Neoproterozoic Earth History Christie-Blick, N.; Dyson, I. A.; Vonderborch, C. C. Precambrian Research May Volume: 73 Issue: 1-4 p.: 3-26 (1995)
Onlap, Offlap, and the Origin of Unconformity-Bounded Depositional Sequences Christie-Blick, N. Marine Geology Mar Volume: 97 Issue: 1-2 p.: 35-56 (1991)
Tectonic Subsidence of the Early Paleozoic Passive Continental-Margin in Eastern California and Southern Nevada Levy, M.; Christie-Blick, N. Geological Society of America Bulletin Dec Volume: 103 Issue: 12 p.: 1590-1606 (1991)
Working Hypotheses for the Origin of the Wonoka Canyons (Neoproterozoic), South Australia Christie-Blick, N.; Vonderborch, C. C.; Dibona, P. A. American Journal of Science Volume: 290A p.: 295-332 (1990)
Pre-Mesozoic Palinspastic Reconstruction of the Eastern Great-Basin (Western United-States) Levy, M.; Christie-Blick, N. Science Sep 29 Volume: 245 Issue: 4925 p.: 1454-1462 (1989)
Deformation and basin formation along strike-slip faults Christie-Blick, N.; Biddle, K.T. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication Volume: 37 p.: 1-34 (1985)