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Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
Earth and Environmental Sciences
204E Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
(845) 365-8547
(845) 365-8157


Fields of interest: 
Air-sea interaction, wave dynamics and wave breaking, effect of near-surface turbulence on heat, gas, and momentum transport, infrared remote sensing, upper-ocean processes, coastal and estuarine processes.
List of degrees from highest to lowest:
University of Washington
University of Washington
Columbia University
Honors & Awards: 
Fulbright Scholar 2018
Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award 2004 to 2007
Lorenz B. Straub Award 2001
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Postdoctoral Scholar Award 1999-2002

Lamont Projects:

Lamont/DEES Student List: 
Alejandro Cifuentes-Lorenzen, University of Connecticut
Yong Zhao, Yale University

Referenced in the Following News Items:

Selected Publications:

Using Ship-Deployed High-Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for the Study of Ocean Surface and Atmospheric Boundary Layer  Zappa, Christopher J.; Brown, Scott M.; Laxague, Nathan J. M.; Dhakal, Tejendra; Faber, Aaron M., Subramaniam, Ajit Journal of Fluid Mechanics (2020)
The impact of rain on ocean surface waves and currents Laxague, Nathan J. M.; Zappa, Christopher J. Geophysical Research Letters (2020)
Bioindicators as a Tool in Environmental Impact Assessment: Cyanobacteria as a Sentinel of Pollution Teta, Roberta; Esposito, Germana; Casazza, Marco; Zappa, Christopher J.; Endreny, Theodore A.; Mangoni, Alfonso; Costantino, Valeria; Lega, Massimiliano International Journal of Sustainable Development (2019)
The Impact of Wind Gusts on the Ocean Thermal Skin Layer Zappa, Christopher J.; Laxague. Naathan J. M.; Brumer. Sophia E.; Anderson, Steven P. Geophysical Research Letters (2019)
Basal channels drive active surface hydrology and transverse ice-shelf fracture Dow, Christine F.; Lee, Won Sang; Greenbaum, Jasmin S.; Greene, Chad A.; Blankenship, Donald D.; Poinar, Kristin; Forrest, Alexander L.; Young, Duncan A.; Zappa, Christopher (2018)
Warming and inhibition of salinization at the ocean's surface by cyanobacteria Wurl, O.; Bird, K.; Cunliffe, M.; Landing W. M.; Miller, U.; Mustaffa, N. I. H.; Ribas-Ribas, M.; Zappa, C. J. Geophysical Research Letters (2018)
Air-Sea Interaction in the Southern Ocean; Exploring the Height of the Wave Boundary Layer at the Air-Sea Interface Cifuentes-Lorenzen, Alejandro; Edson, James B.; Zappa, Christopher Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2018)
Blue pigmentation of neustonic copepods benefits exploitation of a prey-rich niche at the air-sea boundary Rahiff, Janina; Ribas-Ribas, Mariana; Brown, Scott M.; Hamizah Mustaffa, Nur Ili; Renz, Jasmin; Peck, Myron A.; Bird, Kimberley; Cunliffe, Michael; Melkonia, Katharina; Zappa, Christopher J. Scientific Reports (2018)
The Ocean's Skin Layer in the Tropics Wurl, Oliver; Landing, William M.; Mustaffa, Nur Ili Hamizah; Ribas-Ribas, Mariana; Riggs Witte, Carson; Zappa, Christopher J. JGR Oceans (2018)
Shipboard wave measurements in the Southern Ocean Lund, Bjorn; Zappa, C. J.; Graber, Hans C.; Cifuentes-Lorenzen, Alejandro Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology (2017)
Wave-related Reynolds number parameterizations of CO2 and DMS transfer 1 velocities Brumer, Sophia E.; Zappa, Christopher J.; Blomquist, Byron W.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Cifuentes-Lorenzen, Alejandro; Edson, James B.; Brooks, Ian M.; Huebert, Barry J. GRL (2017)
Whitecap coverage dependence on wind and wave statistics as observed during SO GasEx and HiWinGS Brumer, Sophia E.; Zappa, Christopher J.; Brooks, Ian M.; Tamurac, Hitoshi; Brown, Scott M.; Blomquist, Byron W.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Cifuentes-Lorenzen, Alejandro; American Meteorological Society 1 September 2017 (2017)
Riverine Skin Temperature Response to Subsurface Processes in Low Wind Speeds Brumer, Sophia E.; Zappa, Christopher; Anderson, Steven P.; Dugan, John P. AGU, Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans (2016)
"On the variation of the effective breaking strength in oceanic sea states Zappa, Christopher J.; Banner, Michael L.; Morison, Russel P.; Brumer, Sophia E. AMS (2016)
Tidal and atmospheric influences on near-surface turbulence in an estuary Orton, P.M.; Zappa, C.J.; McGillis, W.R. Journal of Geophysical Research Volume: 115 (2010) 10.1029/2010JC006312
Sea breeze forcing of estuary turbulence and CO2 exchange Orton, P.M.; McGillis, W.R.; Zappa, C.J. Geophysical Research Letters Volume: 37 (2010) 10.1029/2010GL043159
Rain-induced turbulence and air-sea gas transfer Zappa, C. J.; Ho, D. T.; McGillis, W. R.; Banner, M. L.; Dacey, J. W. H.; Bliven, L. F.; Ma, B.; Nystuen, J. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jul 9 Volume: 114 p.: - (2009) Doi 10.1029/2008jc005008
Retrieval of short ocean wave slope using polarimetric imaging Zappa, C. J.; Banner, M. L.; Schultz, H.; Corrada-Emmanuel, A.; Wolff, L. B.; Yalcin, J. Measurement Science & Technology May Volume: 19 Issue: 5 p.: - (2008) Doi 10.1088/0957-0233/19/5/055503
Environmental turbulent mixing controls on air-water gas exchange in marine and aquatic systems Zappa, C. J.; McGillis, W. R.; Raymond, P. A.; Edson, J. B.; Hintsa, E. J.; Zemmelink, H. J.; Dacey, J. W. H.; Ho, D. T. Geophysical Research Letters May 17 Volume: 34 Issue: 10 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006gl028790
Sea surface temperature signatures of oceanic internal waves in low winds Farrar, J. T.; Zappa, C. J.; Weller, R. A.; Jessup, A. T. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jun 20 Volume: 112 Issue: C6 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006jc003947
High-resolution airborne infrared measurements of ocean skin temperature Zappa, C. J.; Jessup, A. T. Ieee Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters Apr Volume: 2 Issue: 2 p.: 146-150 (2005) Doi 10.1109/Lgrs.2004.841629
Air-sea CO2 exchange in the equatorial Pacific McGillis, W. R.; Edson, J. B.; Zappa, C. J.; Ware, J. D.; McKenna, S. P.; Terray, E. A.; Hare, J. E.; Fairall, C. W.; Drennan, W.; Donelan, M.; DeGrandpre, M. D.; Wanninkhof, R.; Feely, R. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 28 Volume: 109 Issue: C8 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2003jc002256
Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange: Lessons from a model ocean Ho, D. T.; Zappa, C. J.; McGillis, W. R.; Bliven, L. F.; Ward, B.; Dacey, J. W. H.; Schlosser, P.; Hendricks, M. B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jul 1 Volume: 109 Issue: C8 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2003jc001806
Microbreaking and the enhancement of air-water transfer velocity Zappa, C. J.; Asher, W. E.; Jessup, A. T.; Klinke, J.; Long, S. R. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 27 Volume: 109 Issue: C8 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2003jc001897
Variation in surface turbulence and the gas transfer velocity over a tidal cycle in a macro-tidal estuary Zappa, C. J.; Raymond, P. A.; Terray, E. A.; McGillis, W. R. Estuaries Dec Volume: 26 Issue: 6 p.: 1401-1415 (2003)