Ben Holtzman

Lamont Research Professor
Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory
Columbia University
61 Rt. 9W
Palisades, New York, 10964

email:  benh (at)
office:  845 365 8382



Very Broadband Rheology
VBR Calculator: Github

Machine Learning in Seismology

Seismic Sound Lab
Seismic Sound Lab (Vimeo)

Upper Mantle Rheology
and melt migration

Geothermal Energy more

Scientific Illustrations


Peer-reviewed Papers (up to date as of July, 2020- soon will be reorganized according to the projects above):

[35] M. Pec, B. K. Holtzman, M.E. Zimmerman, D.L. Kohlstedt. “Influence of Lithology on Reac- tive Melt Flow Channelization: Infiltration Instabilities and Dykes”, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2020

[34] E. Hopper, J. Gaherty, D. Shillington, N.Accardo, A. Nyblade, C. A. Scholz, P. Chindindali, R. Fer- dinand, G. Mgboni, G. Mulibo, B. Holtzman, C. Havlin, “Preferential localised thinning of lithospheric mantle in the melt-poor Malawi Rift”, Nature Geoscience, 2020

[33] N. J. Accardo, J. B. Gaherty, D. J. Shillington, E. Hopper, A. A. Nyblade, C. J. Ebinger, C. A. Scholz, P. R. N. Chindandali, R. Wambura-Ferdinand, G. Mbogoni, J. B. Russell, B. K. Holtzman, C. Havlin, C. Class. “Thermochemical Modification of the Upper Mantle Beneath the Northern Malawi Rift Constrained From Shear Velocity Imaging”, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2020.

[32] H.C.P. Lau, B. K. Holtzman. “ ‘Measures of dissipation in viscoelastic media’ extended: Towards continuous characterization across very broad geophysical time scales.” Geophysical Research Letters, 2019

[31] B. K. Holtzman∗ , A. Chrysochoos, L. Daridon. “A thermomechanical framework for analysis of microstructural evolution: Application to olivine rocks at high temperature”, Journal of Geophysical Re- search, Vol. 123, DOI: 10.1029/2018JB015613, 2018

[30] B. K. Holtzman∗, A. Paté, J. Paisley, F. Waldhauser, D. Repetto, “Machine learning reveals cyclic changes in seismic source spectra in Geysers geothermal field.” Science Advances 4, eaao2929. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aao2929, 2018

[29] C. Qi, L. N.Hansen, D. Wallis, B. K. Holtzman, D. L. Kohlstedt. “Crystallographic preferred orientation of olivine in sheared partially molten rocks: The source of the ‘a-c switch’ ”. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19. 2018

[28] L. Boschi, L. Delcor, J.-L. Le Carrou, C. Fritz, A. Paté, B. K. Holtzman. “On the Perception of Audified Seismograms” Seismological Research Letters 88 (5), 1279-1289, 2017

[27] M. Pec, B. K. Holtzman, M.E. Zimmerman, D.L. Kohlstedt. “Reaction infiltration instabilities in mantle rocks: An experimental investigation” Journal of Petrology, 2017

[26] A. Paté, L. Boschi, D. Dubois, J.-L. Le Carrou, B. K. Holtzman. “Auditory display of seismic data: On the use of experts’ categorizations and verbal descriptions as heuristics for geoscience” The Jour- nal of the Acoustical Society of America 141 (3), 2143-2162, 2017

[25] A. Tommasi, V. Baptiste, A. Vauchez, B. K. Holtzman. “Deformation, annealing, reactive melt percolation, and seismic anisotropy in the lithospheric mantle beneath the southeastern Ethiopian rift: Constraints from mantle xenoliths from Mega.” Tectonophysics, Vol. 682, pp. 186-205, 2016

[24] M. Roy, S. Gold, A. Johnson, R. Orozco, B. K. Holtzman, J. Gaherty. “Macroscopic coupling of deformation and melt migration at continental interiors, with applications to the Colorado Plateau”, in press Journal of Geophysical Research , April, 2016

[23] B. K. Holtzman. “Questions on the existence, persistence and mechanical effects of a very small melt fraction in the asthenosphere”, Geophysics, Geochemistry, and Geosystems , doi: 10.1002/2015GC006102, January, 2016.

[22] A. Pat\'e, L. Boschi, J-L. Le Carrou, B. K. Holtzman. “Categorization of seismic sources by auditory display: a blind test”, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies: 85, 57-67, (2016).

[21] M. Pec, B. K. Holtzman, M.E. Zimmerman, D.L. Kohlstedt. “Reaction infiltration instabilities in experiments on partially molten mantle rocks” Geology: G36611-1, 2015

[20] Abers, G. A., K. M. Fischer, G. Hirth, D. A. Wiens, T. Plank, B. K. Holtzman, C. McCarthy, and E. Gazel, "Reconciling mantle attenuation- temperature relationships from seismology, petrology, and laboratory measurements", Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems, 15, doi:10.1002/2014GC005444, 2014

[19] C. Bellis and B. K. Holtzman. “Sensitivity of seismic measurements to frequency-dependent attenuation and upper mantle structure: an initial approach”, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 119, 5497-5517, doi:10.1002/2013JB010831, 2014

[18] B. K. Holtzman, J. Candler, M. Turk and D. Peter, “Seismic Sound Lab: Sights, Sounds and Perception of the Earth as an Acoustic Space”, Sound, Music, and Motion, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 8905, pp 161-174, 2014

[17] B. K. Holtzman, D. S. H. King and D. L. Kohlstedt, “Effects of stress-driven segregation on the viscosity of rocks”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 359–360, 184–193, Nov. 2012

[16] D. S. H. King, B.K. Holtzman and D. L. Kohlstedt, ``An experimental investigation of the interactions between reaction-driven and stress-driven melt segregation: 2. Disaggregation at high melt fraction'', article 2011GC003685, Geophysics, Geochemistry, and Geosystems vol. 12, Q12020, 12 pp., doi:10.1029/2011GC003685, Dec. 2011.
PDF from AGU

[15] D. S. H. King, B.K. Holtzman and D. L. Kohlstedt, ``An experimental investigation of the interactions between reaction-driven and stress-driven melt segregation: 2. Application to mantle melt extraction'', article 2011GC003684, Geophysics, Geochemistry, and Geosystems vol. 12, Q12019, 16 pp., doi:10.1029/2011GC003684, Dec. 2011.
PDF from AGU

[14] B.K. Holtzman and J.-M. Kendall, ``Organized Melt, Seismic Anisotropy, and Plate Boundary Lubrication'', article 2010GC003296, Geophysics, Geochemistry, and Geosystems 11, Q0AB06, doi:10.1029/ 2010GC003296, Dec. 2010.
PDF from AGU

[11,12,13] Takei, Y. and B. Holtzman. Viscous constitutive relations of solid-liquid composites in terms of grain boundary contiguity, 1, 2 & 3. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2009
A summary

[10] Kohlstedt, D.L. and B. Holtzman. Shearing Melt Out of the Earth: An Experimentalist's Perspective on the Influence of Deformation on Melt Extraction. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 2009. 37:561-593

[9] R. A. Parsons, F. Nimmo, J.W. Hustoft, B. K. Holtzman, D.L. Kohlstedt. “An experimental and numerical study of surface tension-driven melt flow”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 267 (30) 548-557, March 2008.

[8] B.K. Holtzman and D. L. Kohlstedt. "Stress-driven Melt Segregation and Strain Partitioning in Partially Molten Rocks: Effects of Stress and Strain" Journal of Petrology 48: 2379-2406. 2007
pdf from J.Pet.

[7] Katz, R. F., M. Spiegelman, and B. Holtzman, (2006) The dynamics of melt and shear localization in partially molten aggregates, Nature , 442, 676--679, doi:10.1038/nature05039.

[6] B.K. Holtzman, D.L. Kohlstedt, J.Phipps Morgan. Viscous Energy Dissipation and Strain Partitioning in Partially Molten Rocks. Journal of Petrology , doi:10.1093/petrology/egi065, 2005
pdf from J.Petrology

[5] J.Phipps Morgan and B.K. Holtzman. Melt transport and deformation of partially molten viscoelastic rocks: the Vug Wave. G^3 (Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems) V. 6, No. 8, 2005

[4] B.K. Holtzman, D.L. Kohlstedt, M.E. Zimmerman, F. Heidelbach, T. Hiraga, and J. Hustoft. Melt segregation and strain partitioning: Implications for seismic anisotropy and mantle flow, Science 301 , p. 1227-1230, August 29, 2003

[3] B. K. Holtzman, M. E. Zimmerman, N. J. Groebner, S. B. Ginsberg, and D. L. Kohlstedt. Stress-driven melt segregation in partially molten rocks. G^3 (Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems), vol. 4, no. 5, May, 2003

[2] B. K. Holtzman. “Gauging stress from deformed chromite pods in the Oman ophiolite.” in Ophiolites and Oceanic Crust, Eds. Y. Dilek, E. Moores, and A. Nicolas, Geological Society of America Special Paper 80, p. 149-160, 2001.

[1] A. Nicolas, F. Boudier, in collaboration with M. Misseri, J.L. Bouchez, S. Crambert, G.Ceuleneer, I. Reuber, K. Benn, C. MacLeod, F. Quatreveaux., E. Gnos, B.Ildefonse, D. Jousselin, K. Michibayashi, L. Gerbert-Gaillard, and B. K. Holtzman. “Oman and UAE Ophiolite Structural Maps 1, 2, 3,” Marine Geophysical Researches, 21(3-4), 2001.