Knowledge can be assessed by evaluating the student's ability to explain the design, procedure and conclusions of the exercise through written or oral methods.

Skills are integral to the exercise and can be evaluated by completion of the worksheet and questions.

Attitudes and changes in awarenesscan be observed and developed through discussion and behaviors relating to energy conservation. The student may be able to draw further connections between consumer choices and environmental issues.


Resource List.


Miller, G. Tyler, Jr. Sustaining the Earth, Third Edition. Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1988.

Wackernagel, Mathis and William Reese. Our Ecological Footprint. New Society Publishers, 1996.

Hinrichs, Roger A. Energy. Saunders College Publishing, 1992.

Research Papers

The Heat is On: Geothermal Heating and Cooling Systems. Tamarah Zipporah Bossewitch. Thesis for degree in Environmental Science, Barnard College, Columbia University, 2000.

Ground Source Geothermal Power Systems: How Well Do They Work?. Prachi Modi. Barnard College, Environmental Science Department, 2000.

Internet Sources

Ecological Footprint,

Black Rock Forest,