How do students and geologists combine observations from scattered rock outcrops to form a 3-dimensional mental model of a geological structure?

PI's: Kim A. Kastens (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University)
Lynn S. Liben (The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Psychology)

figures from research

Two questions about learning that are central to, and characteristic of, geoscience education are:

  1. How do people learn by direct observation of Nature in the field? and
  2. How do people learn to comprehend, visualize, manipulate, and interpret structures and processes in three dimensions?

This research on learning project addresses both of these tough questions, in the context of field geology learning.




This project was supported by the following grants from the National Science Foundation: REC04-11823, REC04-11686, GEO03-31212. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.